open access

Vol 44, No 2 (2012 Apr-Jun)
Original and clinical articles
Published online: 2012-08-08
Submitted: 2012-07-05
Accepted: 2012-07-05
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Comparison of cuff-pressure changes in silicone and PVC laryngeal masks during nitrous oxide anaesthesia in spontaneously breathing children

Tom van Zundert, Joseph Brimacombe
Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2012;44(2):63-70.

open access

Vol 44, No 2 (2012 Apr-Jun)
Original and clinical articles
Published online: 2012-08-08
Submitted: 2012-07-05
Accepted: 2012-07-05

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cuff pressures of four different laryngeal masks in paediatric patients undergoing routine surgery and to determine whether there is a substantial increase in cuff pressure when silicone masks are used compared to PVC laryngeal mask airways.

METHODS: Hundred and forty patients aged < 16 yr were randomly allocated to receive one of four extraglottic airway devices: LMA-Classic; LMA-Unique; Soft Seal; or Cobra-PLA. Intracuff pressure was monitored continuously throughout the operative intervention. The primary outcome was measurement of an increase in cuff pressure. First attempt success rate, effective airway time, anatomical position of the airway and incidence of airway morbidity data were monitored.

RESULTS: Mean cuff pressure increased within 5 min of N2O exposure, and was substantially higher in the silicone LMA-C, compared to the PVC-based extraglottic airway devices tested, reaching a plateau of the cuff pressure after 45 min. The overall first attempt success rate (97%) and the mean effective airway time (24 ± 9 sec) were very satisfactory and all patients underwent successful surgery. Anatomical position was adequate in most airways, although in 34% of the patients in the Cobra group herniation of either the epiglottis or arytenoids were detected. Airway morbidity due to the devices was insignificant.

CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated a substantial increase in cuff pressure during anaesthesia for children in whom a silicone-based LMA-C was used, whereas PVC-based extraglottic airway devices showed a much lower increase.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cuff pressures of four different laryngeal masks in paediatric patients undergoing routine surgery and to determine whether there is a substantial increase in cuff pressure when silicone masks are used compared to PVC laryngeal mask airways.

METHODS: Hundred and forty patients aged < 16 yr were randomly allocated to receive one of four extraglottic airway devices: LMA-Classic; LMA-Unique; Soft Seal; or Cobra-PLA. Intracuff pressure was monitored continuously throughout the operative intervention. The primary outcome was measurement of an increase in cuff pressure. First attempt success rate, effective airway time, anatomical position of the airway and incidence of airway morbidity data were monitored.

RESULTS: Mean cuff pressure increased within 5 min of N2O exposure, and was substantially higher in the silicone LMA-C, compared to the PVC-based extraglottic airway devices tested, reaching a plateau of the cuff pressure after 45 min. The overall first attempt success rate (97%) and the mean effective airway time (24 ± 9 sec) were very satisfactory and all patients underwent successful surgery. Anatomical position was adequate in most airways, although in 34% of the patients in the Cobra group herniation of either the epiglottis or arytenoids were detected. Airway morbidity due to the devices was insignificant.

CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated a substantial increase in cuff pressure during anaesthesia for children in whom a silicone-based LMA-C was used, whereas PVC-based extraglottic airway devices showed a much lower increase.

Get Citation

Keywords

anaesthesia, pediatrics, airway; equipment, laryngeal masks, intracuff pressure

About this article
Title

Comparison of cuff-pressure changes in silicone and PVC laryngeal masks during nitrous oxide anaesthesia in spontaneously breathing children

Journal

Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy

Issue

Vol 44, No 2 (2012 Apr-Jun)

Pages

63-70

Published online

2012-08-08

Bibliographic record

Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2012;44(2):63-70.

Keywords

anaesthesia
pediatrics
airway
equipment
laryngeal masks
intracuff pressure

Authors

Tom van Zundert
Joseph Brimacombe

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