open access

Vol 72, No 5-6 (2004)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2008-02-18
Submitted: 2013-02-22
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Risk factors for asthma in children in Łódź region

Włodzimierz Stelmach, Monika Bobrowska, Iwona Stelmach
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2004;72(5-6):170-176.

open access

Vol 72, No 5-6 (2004)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2008-02-18
Submitted: 2013-02-22

Abstract

The incidence of asthma and other allergic diseases continues to increase. In addition to genetic factors, environmental influences are thought to play an important role. The aim of this study was to identify factors that influence and drive the atopic march from atopic sensitization to asthma in children from Łódź.
Methods: 800 atopic children, aged 5-18 years, were included to our study. Parents filled in questionnaires and gave interviews about their children's diseases. 405 (43 %) children have diagnosis of asthma.
Results: A significant association was observed between asthma and male sex, parents' history of atopy, parentalhighest school grade, maternal smoking during pregnancy, maternal chronic disease (especially chronic renal diseases), maternal allergen-sensitizating diet during breast-feeding, increased exposure to indoor humidity and moulds. Similar effect was seen for episodes of wheeze occurring in the first 3 years of life as followed: wheezing during an airway infection, wheezing not connected with respiratory tract infection, wheezing not related with physical exercise. Child's daycare attendance (nursery school) was associated with decreased risk of asthma.

Abstract

The incidence of asthma and other allergic diseases continues to increase. In addition to genetic factors, environmental influences are thought to play an important role. The aim of this study was to identify factors that influence and drive the atopic march from atopic sensitization to asthma in children from Łódź.
Methods: 800 atopic children, aged 5-18 years, were included to our study. Parents filled in questionnaires and gave interviews about their children's diseases. 405 (43 %) children have diagnosis of asthma.
Results: A significant association was observed between asthma and male sex, parents' history of atopy, parentalhighest school grade, maternal smoking during pregnancy, maternal chronic disease (especially chronic renal diseases), maternal allergen-sensitizating diet during breast-feeding, increased exposure to indoor humidity and moulds. Similar effect was seen for episodes of wheeze occurring in the first 3 years of life as followed: wheezing during an airway infection, wheezing not connected with respiratory tract infection, wheezing not related with physical exercise. Child's daycare attendance (nursery school) was associated with decreased risk of asthma.
Citation Formats

Keywords

atopic diseases; risk factors for asthma

About this article
Title

Risk factors for asthma in children in Łódź region

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 72, No 5-6 (2004)

Pages

170-176

Published online

2008-02-18

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2004;72(5-6):170-176.

Keywords

atopic diseases
risk factors for asthma

Authors

Włodzimierz Stelmach
Monika Bobrowska
Iwona Stelmach

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