open access

Vol 75, No 2 (2007)
REVIEWS
Published online: 2007-06-03
Submitted: 2013-02-22
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Functional links between the upper and lower airways in allergic diseases of the respiratory tract

Aleksandra Semik-Orzech, Szymon Skoczyński, Adam Barczyk, Władysław Pierzchała
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2007;75(2):163-172.

open access

Vol 75, No 2 (2007)
REVIEWS
Published online: 2007-06-03
Submitted: 2013-02-22

Abstract

Traditionally, allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma are described as distinct and separate entities. However, progress made in recent years has brought some great changes in the understanding of pathophysiology of allergic disorders. It has become clear that both of these disorders are characterised by similar triggers, inflammatory cells and mediators involved in their pathogenesis and treatment modalities. The link between these two airway disorders has led to the development of the socalled "integrated airway hypothesis". According to this hypothesis allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma are regarded as different facets of a generalised inflammatory process involving, although in a different degree, both the upper and lower airways. This review critically discusses the present state of knowledge on the links between the upper and lower airways in asthma and rhinitis on the basis of the recent literature and our own experience. We try to assess the importance of these links for the future diagnosis and treatment of allergic disorders of the respiratory tract.

Abstract

Traditionally, allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma are described as distinct and separate entities. However, progress made in recent years has brought some great changes in the understanding of pathophysiology of allergic disorders. It has become clear that both of these disorders are characterised by similar triggers, inflammatory cells and mediators involved in their pathogenesis and treatment modalities. The link between these two airway disorders has led to the development of the socalled "integrated airway hypothesis". According to this hypothesis allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma are regarded as different facets of a generalised inflammatory process involving, although in a different degree, both the upper and lower airways. This review critically discusses the present state of knowledge on the links between the upper and lower airways in asthma and rhinitis on the basis of the recent literature and our own experience. We try to assess the importance of these links for the future diagnosis and treatment of allergic disorders of the respiratory tract.
Get Citation

Keywords

allergic rhinitis; bronchial asthma; pathogenesis; integrated airway hypothesis; clinical relevance

About this article
Title

Functional links between the upper and lower airways in allergic diseases of the respiratory tract

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 75, No 2 (2007)

Pages

163-172

Published online

2007-06-03

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2007;75(2):163-172.

Keywords

allergic rhinitis
bronchial asthma
pathogenesis
integrated airway hypothesis
clinical relevance

Authors

Aleksandra Semik-Orzech
Szymon Skoczyński
Adam Barczyk
Władysław Pierzchała

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