open access

Vol 9, No 3 (2020)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2020-02-10
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Changes in hematological parameters during first days of diabetic ketoacidosis treatment in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus

Beata Małachowska, Dominika Michałek, Marta Koptas, Wiktoria Pietras, Wojciech Młynarski, Agnieszka Szadkowska, Wojciech Fendler
DOI: 10.5603/DK.2020.0006
·
Clinical Diabetology 2020;9(3):149-160.

open access

Vol 9, No 3 (2020)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2020-02-10

Abstract

Background. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a life-threatening complication of newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes (T1DM) and is associated with severe dehydration. The aim of the study was to evaluate the changes in hematological parameters (RBC, Hct, Hb, MCV, PLT, WBC) and their correlations with acidosis level and dehydration during ketoacidosis treatment.

Methods. The study group consisted of 262 children with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes. Clinical data were collected from hospital discharge charts. Data considering hematological parameters were collected from two timepoints: first at admission and second up to 6 days since admission.

Results. Ketoacidosis was present in 76 patients (29.01%). The DKA group had significantly higher values of baseline RBC (p = 0.0026), Hct (p = 0.0019), Hb (p = 0.0235), PLT (p = 0.0427) and WBC count (p < 0.0001) vs. patients without DKA. Interestingly, baseline MCV level was similar between the groups (p = 0.9869). During the first days of diabetes treatment, all hematological parameters such as RBC, Hct, Hb, PLT and WBC significantly decreased in both groups (all p values < 0.0001), while MCV significantly increased after treatment (p < 0.0001). However, the latter was evident only in no-DKA group. Changes in all hematological parameters correlated positively with pH (all R > 0.3 and all p values < 0.05) in DKA group but not in no-DKA group. However, weak, positive correlations at the margin of statistical significance with pH were observed for changes in PLT (p = 0.0609) and WBC (p = 0.0811) in no-DKA group.

Conclusion. Monitoring dynamics of hematological parameters at T1DM diagnosis may be useful in esti­mating patients’ hydration status.

Abstract

Background. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a life-threatening complication of newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes (T1DM) and is associated with severe dehydration. The aim of the study was to evaluate the changes in hematological parameters (RBC, Hct, Hb, MCV, PLT, WBC) and their correlations with acidosis level and dehydration during ketoacidosis treatment.

Methods. The study group consisted of 262 children with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes. Clinical data were collected from hospital discharge charts. Data considering hematological parameters were collected from two timepoints: first at admission and second up to 6 days since admission.

Results. Ketoacidosis was present in 76 patients (29.01%). The DKA group had significantly higher values of baseline RBC (p = 0.0026), Hct (p = 0.0019), Hb (p = 0.0235), PLT (p = 0.0427) and WBC count (p < 0.0001) vs. patients without DKA. Interestingly, baseline MCV level was similar between the groups (p = 0.9869). During the first days of diabetes treatment, all hematological parameters such as RBC, Hct, Hb, PLT and WBC significantly decreased in both groups (all p values < 0.0001), while MCV significantly increased after treatment (p < 0.0001). However, the latter was evident only in no-DKA group. Changes in all hematological parameters correlated positively with pH (all R > 0.3 and all p values < 0.05) in DKA group but not in no-DKA group. However, weak, positive correlations at the margin of statistical significance with pH were observed for changes in PLT (p = 0.0609) and WBC (p = 0.0811) in no-DKA group.

Conclusion. Monitoring dynamics of hematological parameters at T1DM diagnosis may be useful in esti­mating patients’ hydration status.

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Keywords

type 1 diabetes mellitus, diabetic ketoacidosis, dehydration, blood cell count, fluid therapy

Supplementary Files (3)
Table S1 – Correlations between blood cell parameters at admission during first days of newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes treatment and clinical parameters.
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Table S2 – Correlations between magnitude of blood cell parameters changes during first days of newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes treatment and clinical parameters.
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Table S3 – Multivariate linear models for changes in RBC, Hct, Hb, MCV, PLT and WBC.
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About this article
Title

Changes in hematological parameters during first days of diabetic ketoacidosis treatment in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus

Journal

Clinical Diabetology

Issue

Vol 9, No 3 (2020)

Pages

149-160

Published online

2020-02-10

DOI

10.5603/DK.2020.0006

Bibliographic record

Clinical Diabetology 2020;9(3):149-160.

Keywords

type 1 diabetes mellitus
diabetic ketoacidosis
dehydration
blood cell count
fluid therapy

Authors

Beata Małachowska
Dominika Michałek
Marta Koptas
Wiktoria Pietras
Wojciech Młynarski
Agnieszka Szadkowska
Wojciech Fendler

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