open access

Vol 12, No 5 (2017)
Original Papers
Published online: 2017-11-22
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Direct burden of the cardiovascular disease in patients from a hospital in Guangzhou, China 2006–2015

Jian-jun Lu, Fang Hu, Heng-ai Li, Si-zhe Long, Ying Xiong
DOI: 10.5603/FC.2017.0083
·
Folia Cardiologica 2017;12(5):441-446.

open access

Vol 12, No 5 (2017)
Original Papers
Published online: 2017-11-22

Abstract

Introduction. To explore the epidemiological characters of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients and to give a certain clues for disease prevention and clinical treatment. Material and methods. We carried out an investigation using retrospective study method by the medical records retrieval system, and extracted the data of inpatients suffered from CVD in a hospital in Guangzhou from 2006 to 2015, including age, gender, disease onset time, clinical diagnosis, hospitalization days, cost and so on. Results. The average admissions per 5 years kept increasing in the study period. Most inpatients suffered from the CVD in December (n = 9288, 9.10%), while least in February (n = 7309, 7.16%). Most of the inpatients were 66–75-years- -old (n = 24,891, 24.37%). Gender ratio (male vs. female) of CVD inpatients showed a downward trend came with age. The gender ratio was 1.9 and 0.99 among inpatients below 26-years-old and above 85-years-old, respectively. Most common CVD were ischemic heart diseases (29.46%), cerebrovascular diseases (21.59%) and hypertensive diseases (15.18%). The adjusted hospitalization cost was 4600.30 USD in 2006 and 5473.66 USD in 2006, while the average hospitalization days were 15.63 in 2006 and 9.98 in 2015. Conclusions. More attention should be paid to the middle and elderly people with CVD risk factors, especially the senile women, to reduce the disease burden. The change of gender ratio suggested there may be other significant causes leading to the gender differences besides estrogen.

Abstract

Introduction. To explore the epidemiological characters of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients and to give a certain clues for disease prevention and clinical treatment. Material and methods. We carried out an investigation using retrospective study method by the medical records retrieval system, and extracted the data of inpatients suffered from CVD in a hospital in Guangzhou from 2006 to 2015, including age, gender, disease onset time, clinical diagnosis, hospitalization days, cost and so on. Results. The average admissions per 5 years kept increasing in the study period. Most inpatients suffered from the CVD in December (n = 9288, 9.10%), while least in February (n = 7309, 7.16%). Most of the inpatients were 66–75-years- -old (n = 24,891, 24.37%). Gender ratio (male vs. female) of CVD inpatients showed a downward trend came with age. The gender ratio was 1.9 and 0.99 among inpatients below 26-years-old and above 85-years-old, respectively. Most common CVD were ischemic heart diseases (29.46%), cerebrovascular diseases (21.59%) and hypertensive diseases (15.18%). The adjusted hospitalization cost was 4600.30 USD in 2006 and 5473.66 USD in 2006, while the average hospitalization days were 15.63 in 2006 and 9.98 in 2015. Conclusions. More attention should be paid to the middle and elderly people with CVD risk factors, especially the senile women, to reduce the disease burden. The change of gender ratio suggested there may be other significant causes leading to the gender differences besides estrogen.
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Keywords

disease burden, cardiovascular disease, hospital-based, disease onset time, length of stay, hospitalization cost

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About this article
Title

Direct burden of the cardiovascular disease in patients from a hospital in Guangzhou, China 2006–2015

Journal

Folia Cardiologica

Issue

Vol 12, No 5 (2017)

Pages

441-446

Published online

2017-11-22

DOI

10.5603/FC.2017.0083

Bibliographic record

Folia Cardiologica 2017;12(5):441-446.

Keywords

disease burden
cardiovascular disease
hospital-based
disease onset time
length of stay
hospitalization cost

Authors

Jian-jun Lu
Fang Hu
Heng-ai Li
Si-zhe Long
Ying Xiong

References (12)
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