open access

Vol 8, No 3 (2023)
Published online: 2023-08-02
Get Citation

Addressing burnout and PTSD among paramedics and emergency staff after the COVID-19 pandemic: the role of occupational health services and workplace health promotion programs

Gabriella Nucera1, Francesco Chirico2, Murat Yildirim3, Lukasz Szarpak456, Nicola Magnavita7
DOI: 10.5603/DEMJ.a2023.0031
Disaster Emerg Med J 2023;8(3):131-133.
  1. Department of Emergency, Fatebenefratelli Hospital, ASST Fatebenefratelli and Sacco, Milan, Italy
  2. Post-graduate School of Occupational Medicine, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy
  3. Department of Psychology, Agri Ibrahim Cecen University, Turkiye
  4. Henry JN Taub Department of Emergency Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA
  5. Research Unit, Maria Sklodowska-Curie Bialystok Oncology Center, Bialystok, Poland
  6. Institute of Outcomes Research, Maria Sklodowska-Curie Medical Academy, Warszawa, Poland
  7. Occupational Health Unit, Woman Child & Public Health Sciences, Fondazione Policlinico Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy

open access

Vol 8, No 3 (2023)
Published online: 2023-08-02


Not available


Not available
Get Citation


post-traumatic stress disorders; PTSD; burnout; paramedics; emergency medical staff; COVID- 19; SARS-CoV-2; pandemic; occupational health; workplace program

About this article

Addressing burnout and PTSD among paramedics and emergency staff after the COVID-19 pandemic: the role of occupational health services and workplace health promotion programs


Disaster and Emergency Medicine Journal


Vol 8, No 3 (2023)

Article type




Published online


Page views


Article views/downloads




Bibliographic record

Disaster Emerg Med J 2023;8(3):131-133.


post-traumatic stress disorders
emergency medical staff
occupational health
workplace program


Gabriella Nucera
Francesco Chirico
Murat Yildirim
Lukasz Szarpak
Nicola Magnavita

References (10)
  1. Petrie K, Smallwood N, Pascoe A, et al. Mental health symptoms and workplace challenges among australian paramedics during the COVID-19 pandemic. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022; 19(2).
  2. Chirico F, Crescenzo P, Sacco A, et al. Prevalence of burnout syndrome among Italian volunteers of the Red Cross: a cross-sectional study. Ind Health. 2021; 59(2): 117–127.
  3. Chirico F, Afolabi AA, Ilesanmi OS, et al. Prevalence, risk factors and prevention of burnout syndrome among healthcare workers: An umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. J Health Soc S. 2021; 6(4): 465–491.
  4. Szarpak L, Pruc M, Navolokina A, et al. Omicron variants of the SARS-COV-2: a potentially significant threat in a new wave of infections. Disaster Emerg Med J. 2022; 7(3): 139–141.
  5. Chirico F, Sagan D, Markiewicz A, et al. SARS-CoV-2 virus mutation and loss of treatment and preventive measures as we know it now. Disaster Emerg Med J. 2021; 6(4): 204–205.
  6. Chirico F, Nucera G. Tribute to healthcare operators threatened by COVID-19 pandemic. J Health Soc Sci. 2020; 5(2): 165–168.
  7. Chirico F, Nucera G, Szarpak L. COVID-19 mortality in Italy: the first wave was more severe and deadly, but only in Lombardy region. J Infect. 2021; 83(1): e16.
  8. Chirico F, Afolabi AA, Ilesanmi OS, et al. Workplace violence against healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic review. J Health Soc Sci. 2022; 7(1): 14–35.
  9. Jafari H, Mousavi S, Ghoshouni H, et al. Strengthening the primary health care system in the face of emerging and re-emerging epidemics; providing a native and applicable model based on best practices of countries. Disaster Emerg Med J. 2023; 8(1): 41–54.
  10. Chirico F, Batra K, Batra R, et al. Spiritual well-being and burnout syndrome in healthcare: a systematic review. J Health Soc Sci. 2023; 8(1): 13–32.


Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By VM Media Group sp. z o.o., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk, Poland
tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, fax:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail: