English Polski
Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Research paper
Published online: 2019-03-13

open access

Page views 587
Article views/downloads 1906
Get Citation

Connect on Social Media

Connect on Social Media

The quality of sexual life and personality of men addicted to gambling

Witold Tomasz, Robert Kowalczyk, Zbigniew Lew-Starowicz
DOI: 10.5603/37–42
Seksuologia Polska 2018;16(2):37-42.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: In Poland, every second Pole declares that he participated in this type of activity at least once. Addiction affects many other forms of human activity including sexuality. The aim of this research is to determine a connection of the quality of sexual life, undertaken sexual activity and personality traits with gambling addiction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: there were 95 adult male gamblers included in the research. The research group comprised 50 men addicted to gambling, the control group consisted of 45 non-dependent men. The research was conducted by means of: the NEO-Five Factor Inventory, the Sexual Quality of Life-Male questionnaire and the Changes in Sexual Functioning Questionnaire-Male. RESULTS: a negative, statistically significant connection between the intensification of gambling addiction and undertaken sexual activity (p = 0.026) and a general tendency of the decrease in sexual life along with the increase in addiction (p = 0.017) were determined. Also, a significant statistically positive connection between the intensification of a neuroticism feature and a tendency to gambling addiction (p = 0.003) was demonstrated. Additionally, the research results show that the increase in obtained results at the level of gambling addition corresponded to lower obtained results at the level of conscientiousness (p = 0.001) and agreeableness (p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: men addicted to gambling are characterised by a low level of the intensification of agreeableness and conscientiousness features in comparison to non-dependent people. There is a statistically significant connection between elevated neuroticism and a tendency to gambling addiction. The quality of sexual life in people addicted to gambling decreases along with the increase in the intensification of addiction.

Article available in PDF format

View PDF Download PDF file

References

  1. Dzik B, Hazard W. Hazard. In: Tyszka T, Hazard W. ed. Psychologia ekonomiczna. Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne, Gdańsk 2004: 567–599.
  2. Tomasz W, Mirski A. Patologiczny hazard jako przykład współczesnych zagrożeń behawiorlanych. Eukrasia. 2014; 20: 113–122.
  3. CBOS. Polak w szponach hazardu. 2011.
  4. CBOS. Oszacowanie rozpowszechnienia oraz identyfikacji czynników ryzyka i czynników chroniących w odniesieniu do hazardu, w tym hazardu problemowego(patologicznego) oraz innych uzależnień behawioralnych. Warszawa. 2012.
  5. Lorains FK, Cowlishaw S, Thomas SA. Prevalence of comorbid disorders in problem and pathological gambling: systematic review and meta-analysis of population surveys. Addiction. 2011; 106(3): 490–498.
  6. Rush BR, Bassani DG, Urbanoski KA, et al. Influence of co-occurring mental and substance use disorders on the prevalence of problem gambling in Canada. Addiction. 2008; 103(11): 1847–1856.
  7. Petry NM, Stinson FS, Grant BF. Comorbidity of DSM-IV pathological gambling and other psychiatric disorders: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. J Clin Psychiatry. 2005; 66(5): 564–574.
  8. Blaszczynski A, Steel Z. Personality Disorders Among Pathological Gamblers. J Gambl Stud. 1998; 14(1): 51–71.
  9. Cunningham-Williams RM, Cottler LB, Compton WM, et al. Taking chances: problem gamblers and mental health disorders--results from the St. Louis Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study. American Journal of Public Health. 1998; 88(7): 1093–1096.
  10. Delfabbro PH, Winefield AH. Predictors of irrational thinking in regular slot machine gamblers. J Psychol. 2000; 134(2): 117–128.
  11. Douglas M, Walker C, Folk JL. The relationship between gabling behavior and binge drinking, hard drug use, and paying for sex. UNLV Gaming Research & Review Journal . 2010; 14(1).
  12. Woronowicz BT. Hazard. Historia, zagrożenia i drogi wyjścia. Media rodzina, Poznań 2012.
  13. Costa P, McCrae R. NEO PI-R professional manual. Psychological Assessment Resources, Odessa, FL 1992.
  14. Zawadzki B, Strelau J, Szczepaniak P. Inwentarz osobowości NEO-FFI Costy i McCrea. Adaptacja polska. PTP, Warszawa 1997.
  15. Abraham L, Symonds T, May K, et al. Psychometric validation of a sexual quality of life questionnaire for use in men with premature ejaculation or erectile dysfunction. J Sex Med. 2008; 5(3): 595–601.
  16. Keller A, McGarvey EL, Clayton AH. Reliability and construct validity of the Changes in Sexual Functioning Questionnaire short-form (CSFQ-14). J Sex Marital Ther. 2006; 32(1): 43–52.
  17. Lelonek-Kuleta B. Psychospołeczne korelaty uzależnienia od gry na automatach losowych. KONFERENCJE, Alkoholizm i Narkomania. 2011; 24(4): 374–375.
  18. Pospiszyl I. Patologie społeczne. Resocjalizacja, Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. 2009: Warszawa.
  19. Miller JD, Mackillop J, Fortune EE, et al. Personality correlates of pathological gambling derived from Big Three and Big Five personality models. Psychiatry Res. 2013; 206(1): 50–55.
  20. Nower L, Blaszczynski A, Gupta R, et al. A pathways model of problem and pathological gambling. Addiction. 2002; 97(5): 487–499.
  21. Huang JH, Jacobs DF, Derevensky JL, et al. Gambling and health risk behaviors among U.S. college student-athletes: findings from a national study. J Adolesc Health. 2007; 40(5): 390–397.
  22. Samuel DB, Widiger TA. A meta-analytic review of the relationships between the five-factor model and DSM-IV-TR personality disorders: a facet level analysis. Clin Psychol Rev. 2008; 28(8): 1326–1342.