Vol 16, No 2 (2019)
Research paper
Published online: 2019-05-30
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Mobile phone and internet use among substance dependent individuals, psychiatric patients and students

Anna Klimkiewicz, Marta Demkow, Andrzej Jakubczyk, Anna Marianna Mach, Małgorzata Abramowska, Jan Szczypiński, Anna Wnorowska, Marcin Wojnar
Psychiatria 2019;16(2):59-66.

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Vol 16, No 2 (2019)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2019-05-30

Abstract

Introduction: Behavioral disorders involving new technologies are important group of addictions with growing prevalence. This study was designed to assess patterns of mobile phone and internet use among drug addicts, patients diagnosed with mental disorder and medical students. Material and methods: 151 of drug addicts (PU), 183 psychiatric patients (PP) and 613 medical students being control group (GK) were enrolled to the study. Participants were asked to complete questionnaires on mobile phone use (Mobile Phone Problem Use Scale; MPPUS-10 and Mobile Phone Addiction Assessment Questionnaire; MPAAQ) and internet addiction (Internet Addiction Test; IAT). Results: There were no significant differences among the study groups in terms of problem us of mobile phone as measured with MPPUS-10; medians were as follows: PU=31.5 (IQR = 30.2), PP = 33 (IQR = 20.8), GK=35 (IQR = 22). According to MPAAQ, 35.8% of participants met mobile phone addiction criteria, while all other participants were at risk of addiction. MPAAQ medians were: PU=43 (IQR =40), PP=32.5 (IQR = 22.2), GK=31 (IQR = 18) with significant difference between PU and GK, PU and PP (both p < 0.001). Medians of internet addiction measured with IAT were: PU=31 (IQR = 26.5), PP=32 (IQR =10), GK=30 (IQR = 10) with significant difference between PU and PP as well as PP and GK, p = 0.015 and p = 0.012, respectively. Conclusion: Study results suggest high prevalence of mobile phone and internet addiction in Poland. This may indicate common background of substance dependence and behavioral addictions as well as comorbidity of internet addiction with mental disorders.

Abstract

Introduction: Behavioral disorders involving new technologies are important group of addictions with growing prevalence. This study was designed to assess patterns of mobile phone and internet use among drug addicts, patients diagnosed with mental disorder and medical students. Material and methods: 151 of drug addicts (PU), 183 psychiatric patients (PP) and 613 medical students being control group (GK) were enrolled to the study. Participants were asked to complete questionnaires on mobile phone use (Mobile Phone Problem Use Scale; MPPUS-10 and Mobile Phone Addiction Assessment Questionnaire; MPAAQ) and internet addiction (Internet Addiction Test; IAT). Results: There were no significant differences among the study groups in terms of problem us of mobile phone as measured with MPPUS-10; medians were as follows: PU=31.5 (IQR = 30.2), PP = 33 (IQR = 20.8), GK=35 (IQR = 22). According to MPAAQ, 35.8% of participants met mobile phone addiction criteria, while all other participants were at risk of addiction. MPAAQ medians were: PU=43 (IQR =40), PP=32.5 (IQR = 22.2), GK=31 (IQR = 18) with significant difference between PU and GK, PU and PP (both p < 0.001). Medians of internet addiction measured with IAT were: PU=31 (IQR = 26.5), PP=32 (IQR =10), GK=30 (IQR = 10) with significant difference between PU and PP as well as PP and GK, p = 0.015 and p = 0.012, respectively. Conclusion: Study results suggest high prevalence of mobile phone and internet addiction in Poland. This may indicate common background of substance dependence and behavioral addictions as well as comorbidity of internet addiction with mental disorders.
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Keywords

behavioral addictions, mobile phone, internet, mental disorders

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Title

Mobile phone and internet use among substance dependent individuals, psychiatric patients and students

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 16, No 2 (2019)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

59-66

Published online

2019-05-30

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2019;16(2):59-66.

Keywords

behavioral addictions
mobile phone
internet
mental disorders

Authors

Anna Klimkiewicz
Marta Demkow
Andrzej Jakubczyk
Anna Marianna Mach
Małgorzata Abramowska
Jan Szczypiński
Anna Wnorowska
Marcin Wojnar

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