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Vol 14, No 1 (2017)
Review paper
Published online: 2017-03-01
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The use of vortioxetine for the treatment of depressive disorders

Marcin Siwek
Psychiatria 2017;14(1):7-20.

open access

Vol 14, No 1 (2017)
Prace poglądowe - nadesłane
Published online: 2017-03-01

Abstract

Despite many years of research, the effectiveness of antidepressant treatment is still unsatisfactory, and the criteria for this effectiveness are the subject of discussion and does not reflect the subjective feeling of the patient’s health. Another major problem seems to be insufficient tolerance of antidepressants (AD), which may result in non-compliance or premature discontinuation of treatment and contribute to the intensification of functional impairment resulting from residual symptoms of depression after the resolution of an acute episode. These data justify the need to research for new mechanisms of AD’s action, increasing the chances of favorable clinical profile. A good example is multimodal drugs which have simultaneously at least two different mechanisms of action (eg. reuptake inhibition and receptor activity) and at least two binding sites on neurons. Such multi-faceted mechanism may be associated with a stronger therapeutic effect, action on a broader range of symptoms and fewer side effects. Vortioxetine is she representative of this pharmacological group. In the light of the available data it can be concluded that vortioxetine is an effective, safe and well-tolerated antidepressant. The properties of vortioxetine enable its extensive use in the treatment of acute symptoms and in prevention from recurrence of depressive episodes with a low risk of discontinuation or serious interactions with other drugs . Great issues to be studied are: the effectiveness of vortioxetine in combination with other antidepressants or other drugs from different pharmacological groups in the augmentation of antidepressant treatment and applicability of vortioxetine in the treatment of bipolar depression.

Abstract

Despite many years of research, the effectiveness of antidepressant treatment is still unsatisfactory, and the criteria for this effectiveness are the subject of discussion and does not reflect the subjective feeling of the patient’s health. Another major problem seems to be insufficient tolerance of antidepressants (AD), which may result in non-compliance or premature discontinuation of treatment and contribute to the intensification of functional impairment resulting from residual symptoms of depression after the resolution of an acute episode. These data justify the need to research for new mechanisms of AD’s action, increasing the chances of favorable clinical profile. A good example is multimodal drugs which have simultaneously at least two different mechanisms of action (eg. reuptake inhibition and receptor activity) and at least two binding sites on neurons. Such multi-faceted mechanism may be associated with a stronger therapeutic effect, action on a broader range of symptoms and fewer side effects. Vortioxetine is she representative of this pharmacological group. In the light of the available data it can be concluded that vortioxetine is an effective, safe and well-tolerated antidepressant. The properties of vortioxetine enable its extensive use in the treatment of acute symptoms and in prevention from recurrence of depressive episodes with a low risk of discontinuation or serious interactions with other drugs . Great issues to be studied are: the effectiveness of vortioxetine in combination with other antidepressants or other drugs from different pharmacological groups in the augmentation of antidepressant treatment and applicability of vortioxetine in the treatment of bipolar depression.

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Keywords

vortioxetine, depression, antidepressive agents

About this article
Title

The use of vortioxetine for the treatment of depressive disorders

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 14, No 1 (2017)

Article type

Review paper

Pages

7-20

Published online

2017-03-01

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2017;14(1):7-20.

Keywords

vortioxetine
depression
antidepressive agents

Authors

Marcin Siwek

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