open access

Vol 13, No 4 (2016)
Review paper
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Psychiatric and neurological disorder in patients with encephalopathy

Urszula Grata-Borkowska, Robert Susło, Piotr Hańczyc, Magdalena Michalska, Dariusz Lewera, Jarosław Drobnik
Psychiatria 2016;13(4):203-209.

open access

Vol 13, No 4 (2016)
Prace poglądowe - nadesłane

Abstract

Hepatic encephalopathy occurs in patients with liver cirrhosis. It is defined as group of psychiatric and neurological disorders in patients diagnosed with this kind of liver dysfunction. Minimal hepatic encephalopathy is the subtype of hepatic encephalopathy that is common among patients with liver dysfunction. Minimal hepatic encephalopathy is defined as hepatic encephalopathy presenting without evident neurologic abnormalities, but with cognitive deficits that can be revealed by psychometric testing. Hepatic encephalopathy is characterized by personality changes and intellectual impairment. The development of hepatic encephalopathy can be explained by the effect of neurotoxic substances which occurrence is associated with cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Subtle signs of hepatic encephalopathy are observed in nearly 70−80% of patients with liver dysfunction. The hepatic encephalopathy development has a significant negative impact on the survival time of patients. The authors’ paper is a review of symptoms and treatment options of hepatic encephalopathy.

Abstract

Hepatic encephalopathy occurs in patients with liver cirrhosis. It is defined as group of psychiatric and neurological disorders in patients diagnosed with this kind of liver dysfunction. Minimal hepatic encephalopathy is the subtype of hepatic encephalopathy that is common among patients with liver dysfunction. Minimal hepatic encephalopathy is defined as hepatic encephalopathy presenting without evident neurologic abnormalities, but with cognitive deficits that can be revealed by psychometric testing. Hepatic encephalopathy is characterized by personality changes and intellectual impairment. The development of hepatic encephalopathy can be explained by the effect of neurotoxic substances which occurrence is associated with cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Subtle signs of hepatic encephalopathy are observed in nearly 70−80% of patients with liver dysfunction. The hepatic encephalopathy development has a significant negative impact on the survival time of patients. The authors’ paper is a review of symptoms and treatment options of hepatic encephalopathy.

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Keywords

hepatic encephalopathy, cirrhosis, portal hypertension

About this article
Title

Psychiatric and neurological disorder in patients with encephalopathy

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 13, No 4 (2016)

Article type

Review paper

Pages

203-209

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2016;13(4):203-209.

Keywords

hepatic encephalopathy
cirrhosis
portal hypertension

Authors

Urszula Grata-Borkowska
Robert Susło
Piotr Hańczyc
Magdalena Michalska
Dariusz Lewera
Jarosław Drobnik

References (20)
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