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Published online: 2021-08-30
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Personality and disease-related appraisals in patients with blood cancer. A preliminary report

Magdalena Pietnoczko, Paweł Brudek, Stanisława Steuden
DOI: 10.5603/PMPI.2021.0025

open access

Ahead of Print
Original articles
Published online: 2021-08-30

Abstract

Introduction. Cancer is a highly traumatic situation. The incidence of blood cancers is increasing every year. There are studies in the literature on the relationship between personality and adjustment to illness. The way a person assesses their illness has an impact on how they feel and function. Objective. Exploring the relationship between personality and self-assessment of disease in patients with lymphocytic leukaemia and myeloma. Patients and methods. The study group consisted of N=41 patients with a diagnosis of lymphocytic leukaemia or myeloma aged between 47 and 84 years (M = 65.50; SD= 9.37). Women comprised 39% of the study subjects and men 61%. Subjects were assessed with the NEO-FFI Personality Inventory by P. Costa and R. McCrae and the Disease-Related Appraisals Scale by S. Steuden and K. Janowski. Results and conclusions. The analyses carried out allowed us to demonstrate the relationship between personality dimensions and the assessment of one's own illness. Neuroticism was found to be associated with the evaluation of the illness as a benefit, extraversion was associated with harm, agreeableness with obstacle/loss, and conscientiousness with threat, challenge and value.

Abstract

Introduction. Cancer is a highly traumatic situation. The incidence of blood cancers is increasing every year. There are studies in the literature on the relationship between personality and adjustment to illness. The way a person assesses their illness has an impact on how they feel and function. Objective. Exploring the relationship between personality and self-assessment of disease in patients with lymphocytic leukaemia and myeloma. Patients and methods. The study group consisted of N=41 patients with a diagnosis of lymphocytic leukaemia or myeloma aged between 47 and 84 years (M = 65.50; SD= 9.37). Women comprised 39% of the study subjects and men 61%. Subjects were assessed with the NEO-FFI Personality Inventory by P. Costa and R. McCrae and the Disease-Related Appraisals Scale by S. Steuden and K. Janowski. Results and conclusions. The analyses carried out allowed us to demonstrate the relationship between personality dimensions and the assessment of one's own illness. Neuroticism was found to be associated with the evaluation of the illness as a benefit, extraversion was associated with harm, agreeableness with obstacle/loss, and conscientiousness with threat, challenge and value.

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Keywords

personality, disease-related appraisals, blood cancer

About this article
Title

Personality and disease-related appraisals in patients with blood cancer. A preliminary report

Journal

Palliative Medicine in Practice

Issue

Ahead of Print

Article type

Research paper

Published online

2021-08-30

DOI

10.5603/PMPI.2021.0025

Keywords

personality
disease-related appraisals
blood cancer

Authors

Magdalena Pietnoczko
Paweł Brudek
Stanisława Steuden

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