open access

Vol 13, No 1 (2019)
Original articles
Published online: 2019-04-04
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The use of opioid analgesics in chronic pain therapy — a retrospective, single-center study

Piotr Jakubów, Anna Maria Łotowska- Ćwiklewska, Urszula Kościuczuk
DOI: 10.5603/PMPI.2019.0002
·
Palliat Med Pract 2019;13(1):11-16.

open access

Vol 13, No 1 (2019)
Original articles
Published online: 2019-04-04

Abstract

Introduction: The use of opioids is fundamental in moderate and severe pain management. There is an
increase in opioids use in highly developed countries, while at the same time in other countries, difficulties
in access to appropriate pain treatment are observed. The aim of the study was to determine the use of
opioids in the treatment of chronic cancer-related and non-cancer pain.
Material and methods: The study covered the medical documentation of patients under the care of the
Pain Medicine Clinic, Palliative Medicine Clinic and Hospice in the period 01.01.2017–30.04.2017 which
reported: sex, age, duration of medical services, primary diagnosis, opioid treatment — pharmacological
substances, a form of supply and side effects.
Results: In the study, 634 medical consultations of 196 patients were analyzed and 32 (16%) of them were
cancer patients. The predominant cause of pain were degenerative diseases, disorders of the spinal nerves
and nerve plexuses. Oxycodone was most often used as a monotherapy for cancer and non-cancer pain.
Transdermal buprenorphine was significantly more frequently used in non-cancer pain and transdermal
fentanyl was more frequently administered in cancer-related pain. In the group of cancer patients, the
principles of multi–modal therapy were more often applied and no adverse effects were noted.
Conclusions: Opioids are the primary method in pharmacotherapy at the specialist level. Oxycodone is
widely used in monotherapy of cancer-related and non-cancer pain. Various forms of the supply of opioids
in the therapy of chronic cancer pain is not associated with the risk of side effects.
Palliat Med Pract 2019; 13, 1: 11–16

Abstract

Introduction: The use of opioids is fundamental in moderate and severe pain management. There is an
increase in opioids use in highly developed countries, while at the same time in other countries, difficulties
in access to appropriate pain treatment are observed. The aim of the study was to determine the use of
opioids in the treatment of chronic cancer-related and non-cancer pain.
Material and methods: The study covered the medical documentation of patients under the care of the
Pain Medicine Clinic, Palliative Medicine Clinic and Hospice in the period 01.01.2017–30.04.2017 which
reported: sex, age, duration of medical services, primary diagnosis, opioid treatment — pharmacological
substances, a form of supply and side effects.
Results: In the study, 634 medical consultations of 196 patients were analyzed and 32 (16%) of them were
cancer patients. The predominant cause of pain were degenerative diseases, disorders of the spinal nerves
and nerve plexuses. Oxycodone was most often used as a monotherapy for cancer and non-cancer pain.
Transdermal buprenorphine was significantly more frequently used in non-cancer pain and transdermal
fentanyl was more frequently administered in cancer-related pain. In the group of cancer patients, the
principles of multi–modal therapy were more often applied and no adverse effects were noted.
Conclusions: Opioids are the primary method in pharmacotherapy at the specialist level. Oxycodone is
widely used in monotherapy of cancer-related and non-cancer pain. Various forms of the supply of opioids
in the therapy of chronic cancer pain is not associated with the risk of side effects.
Palliat Med Pract 2019; 13, 1: 11–16

Get Citation

Keywords

analgesics, drugs, opioids, pain, treatment

About this article
Title

The use of opioid analgesics in chronic pain therapy — a retrospective, single-center study

Journal

Palliative Medicine in Practice

Issue

Vol 13, No 1 (2019)

Pages

11-16

Published online

2019-04-04

DOI

10.5603/PMPI.2019.0002

Bibliographic record

Palliat Med Pract 2019;13(1):11-16.

Keywords

analgesics
drugs
opioids
pain
treatment

Authors

Piotr Jakubów
Anna Maria Łotowska- Ćwiklewska
Urszula Kościuczuk

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