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Vol 12, No 3 (2018)
Review articles
Published online: 2018-10-25
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Palliative care in Ukraine — formation and development

Sofiya Shunkina, Bohdan Hromovyk
DOI: 10.5603/10.5603/PMPI.2018.0002
·
Palliat Med Pract 2018;12(3):135-142.

paid access

Vol 12, No 3 (2018)
Review articles
Published online: 2018-10-25

Abstract

The results of research of the Association of Palliative and Hospice Care and the Ukrainian Palliative and
Hospice Care League show that every year at least 600 thousand people with incurable illnesses (cancer,
HIV/AIDS, diabetes, tuberculosis) need palliative care. However, nowadays the realization of the right to a
dignified death for incurable patients is somewhat difficult because of numerous problems of legislative,
organizational, technical, personnel and moral-ethical nature, lack of funds for proper medical care, including
a shortage of palliative care institutions in Ukraine. Based on the analysis of the provision of Ukraine
by palliative care institutions, it has been established that as of June 1.2017, their bed fund is about 1,500
beds, which is just over one-third of the needs recommended by the World Health Organization.
Therapy of pain syndrome is a significant problem for patients in Ukraine, which due to a number of factors
such as limited availability of patients to analgesic drugs, complicated system of licensing conditions for
healthcare facilities and pharmacies regarding to the storage and use of controlled substances (opioids
and psychotropic medicines), and the reluctance of such establishments to obtain a license, lack of appropriate
skills and experience in the treatment of chronic pain, the fear of doctors to prescribe high doses
of opioids often lead to inadequate analgesia. In Ukraine morphine in tablets and in syrup was registered
in 2013 and in 2017, respectively, and in 2016 oxycodone was registered.

Palliat Med Pract 2018; 12, 3: 135–142

Abstract

The results of research of the Association of Palliative and Hospice Care and the Ukrainian Palliative and
Hospice Care League show that every year at least 600 thousand people with incurable illnesses (cancer,
HIV/AIDS, diabetes, tuberculosis) need palliative care. However, nowadays the realization of the right to a
dignified death for incurable patients is somewhat difficult because of numerous problems of legislative,
organizational, technical, personnel and moral-ethical nature, lack of funds for proper medical care, including
a shortage of palliative care institutions in Ukraine. Based on the analysis of the provision of Ukraine
by palliative care institutions, it has been established that as of June 1.2017, their bed fund is about 1,500
beds, which is just over one-third of the needs recommended by the World Health Organization.
Therapy of pain syndrome is a significant problem for patients in Ukraine, which due to a number of factors
such as limited availability of patients to analgesic drugs, complicated system of licensing conditions for
healthcare facilities and pharmacies regarding to the storage and use of controlled substances (opioids
and psychotropic medicines), and the reluctance of such establishments to obtain a license, lack of appropriate
skills and experience in the treatment of chronic pain, the fear of doctors to prescribe high doses
of opioids often lead to inadequate analgesia. In Ukraine morphine in tablets and in syrup was registered
in 2013 and in 2017, respectively, and in 2016 oxycodone was registered.

Palliat Med Pract 2018; 12, 3: 135–142

Get Citation

Keywords

palliative care, opioids, hospice, pain relief

About this article
Title

Palliative care in Ukraine — formation and development

Journal

Palliative Medicine in Practice

Issue

Vol 12, No 3 (2018)

Pages

135-142

Published online

2018-10-25

DOI

10.5603/10.5603/PMPI.2018.0002

Bibliographic record

Palliat Med Pract 2018;12(3):135-142.

Keywords

palliative care
opioids
hospice
pain relief

Authors

Sofiya Shunkina
Bohdan Hromovyk

References (15)
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  2. World Health Organization. Better Palliative Care for Older People. 40 p. http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/98235/E82933.pdf?ua=1 (2004).
  3. World Health Organization. Palliative care. The solid facts. 32 p. http://www.euro.who.int/en/publications/abstracts/palliative-care.-the-solid-facts (2004).
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  5. EAPC white paper on standards and norms for hospice and palliative care in Europe. Recommendations from the European Association for Palliative Care - European Journal of Palliative Care. http://www.eapcnet.eu/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=f63pXXzVNEY%3d&tabid=735.
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  12. Hromovyk B, Prokip S. Problematic issues of organization and pharmaceutical provision of palliative and hospice care in Ukraine. Management, Economics and Quality Assurance in Pharmacy. 2012; 2: 54–59.
  13. Prokip S, Hromovyk B. Affordability of pain-killers in Ukraine as a barrier to adequate pain management. East-European Congress of Pain; Yalta, Crimea, Ukraine. September 18-20, 2013: 50–51.
  14. On State Registration (Re-registration) of Medicinal Products and Changes to Registration Materials: Order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine No. 77. http://www.moz.gov.ua/ua/portal/dn_20130201_0077.html (01.02.2013).
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