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Published online: 2024-06-14

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Effectiveness of an online educational intervention for pressure injury prevention in caregivers: a pre-test post-test study

Nurizzqah Bungsu1, Shyh Poh Teo12, Noridah Halim2, Misli Kula2, Asmah Husaini1

Abstract

Background: Evaluate the effectiveness of an online educational intervention for pressure injury prevention in caregivers of dependent older people during the pandemic.

Methods: Quasi-experimental pre-test and post-test intervention design was used. Caregivers of patients deemed as high risk for developing pressure injuries were recruited. WhatsApp messages were the main mode of recruitment and communication. The pretest survey consisted of sociodemographic details and a Brief Pressure Ulcer Knowledge Test. After the pre-test, participants could access the self-developed video that covered information related to pressure injuries and prevention, followed by a post-test survey. Data was entered into Microsoft Excel and analyzed.

Results: Out of 83 caregivers, 30 (36.1%) responded to the pre-test survey, while 13 (15.7%) completed the educational intervention and post-test survey. The majority of caregivers were female and aged between 31 to 60 years. The mean pre-test score was 3.73. There were no statistically significant differences between age groups, gender, level of education, length of caregiver experience, and whether they attended previous pressure injury sessions. Among those who answered the post-test survey, the mean score increased from 4.08 to 5.54.

Conclusions: The online educational intervention for pressure injury prevention was associated with a low response rate and a likely non-clinically significant difference in knowledge scores among caregivers for dependent older patients.

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