Online first
Research paper
Published online: 2024-04-29

open access

Page views 204
Article views/downloads 82
Get Citation

Connect on Social Media

Connect on Social Media

Cultivating excellence in palliative care education and training: a network and thematic deep dive into CODE-YAA@PC-EDU initiatives

Piret Paal12, Stephen Mason3, Philip Larkin4, Minna Hökkä5, Guillaume Economos6, Leszek Pawlowski7, Sandra Martins Pereira8, Pablo Hernández-Marrero89, Gil Goldzweig10


Background: In this study, we employed a collaborative and participatory approach, underpinned by pragmatic methodology, to explore and elucidate the interconnections within the research network of the COllaboratively DEveloped culturallY Appropriate and inclusive Assessment tool for Palliative Care EDUcation the European Cooperation in Science and Technology Action. We demonstrate how the analysis of the publicly available data, as well as the joint publication history of the core group members of this action can accelerate understanding of collaborative dynamics, patterns of collaboration and knowledge exchange within the group. Methods: We used VOSviewer software to systematically map joint publication and further leveraged InfraNodus software to visualize and analyze the thematic content of our project proposal. Results: The social network analysis revealed pivotal connections, fostering a robust research ecosystem that needs to expand geographically, scientifically, and linguistically. The application of InfraNodus software informs our pursuit of culturally appropriate quality assessment tools for palliative care education, which are poorly developed and understood so far. Conclusions: The crux of our research lies in gaining a deeper understanding of the relationships between researchers. This insight is pivotal to enhancing the effectiveness and inclusivity of our work in developing culturally appropriate assessment tools for palliative care education as well as monitoring the global impact of this European Union funded project.

Article available in PDF format

View PDF Download PDF file


  1. COST | European Cooperation in Science and Technology. (9.04.2024).
  2. START – (9.04.2024).
  3. World Health Organization (2021a) Assessing the Development of Palliative Care Worldwide: A Set of Actionable Indicators. Geneva: WHO.Google Scholar.
  4. Paal P, Brandstötter C, Elsner F, et al. European interprofessional postgraduate curriculum in palliative care: A narrative synthesis of field interviews in the region of Middle, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe and Central and West Asia. Palliat Support Care. 2022 [Epub ahead of print]: 1–10.
  5. Payne C, Brown MJ, Guerin S, et al. EMTReK: an evidence-based model for the transfer & exchange of research knowledge-five case studies in palliative care. SAGE Open Nurs. 2019; 5: 2377960819861854.
  6. Constien T, Guerin S, Payne C, et al. Knowledge transfer in palliative care research: emtrek – an evidence–based model evaluation. Retrieved from
  7. Madaan G, Jolad S. Evolution of scientific collaboration networks. In 2014 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (Big Data) (pp. 7–13). IEEE.
  8. Hou H, Kretschmer H, Liu Z. The structure of scientific collaboration networks in Scientometrics. Scientometrics. 2007; 75(2): 189–202.
  9. Simmons JA, Anderson LJ, Bowne DR, et al. Collaborative research networks provide unique opportunities for faculty and student researchers. Council on Undergraduate Research Quarterly. 2016; 36(4).
  10. Cornish F, Breton N, Moreno-Tabarez U, et al. Participatory action research. Nat Rev Meth Prime. 2023; 3(34).
  11. Molina J, Ferrer A, Iñiguez D, et al. Network analysis to measure academic performance in economics. Empirical Economics. 2018; 58(3): 995–1018.
  12. Dzwigol H. Network analysis as a research method. E3S Web of Conferences. 2023; 456: 03001.
  13. Shields R. (2015). Operationalizing Network Analysis for Higher Education Research. In: Huisman, J, de Boer H, Dill DD, Souto–Otero, M. (eds) The Palgrave International Handbook of Higher Education Policy and Governance. Palgrave Macmillan, London.
  14. Scopus Database. (9.04.2024).
  15. van Eck NJ, Waltman L. Software survey: VOSviewer, a computer program for bibliometric mapping. Scientometrics. 2010; 84(2): 523–538.
  16. Shumate M, Cooper KR. (2021). Networks for Social Impact. (9.04.2024).
  17. InfraNodus: Generate Insight with AI and Network Thinking. (9.04.2024).
  18. Memorandum of Understanding Action CA22127 – COST. (9.04.2024).
  19. Walshe C, Ahmed F, Preston N. Do journals contribute to the international publication of research in their field? A bibliometric analysis of palliative care journal data. Palliat Med. 2020; 34(4): 541–546.
  20. Kaasa S, Hjermstad MJ, Loge JH. Methodological and structural challenges in palliative care research: how have we fared in the last decades? Palliat Med. 2006; 20(8): 727–734.
  21. EURO–IMPACT and IMPACT. The European Declaration on Palliative Care 2020. The Final Conference of the two EU–Funded Projects EURO–IMPACT and IMPACT. Brussels.
  22. Hoefer R. The multiple streams framework: understanding and applying the problems, policies, and politics approach. J Policy Pract Res. 2022; 3(1): 1–5.
  23. Dahlin C, Coyne P, Goldberg J, et al. Palliative care leadership. J Palliat Care. 2018 [Epub ahead of print]: 825859718791427.
  24. Bagaragaza E, Pujol N, Evin A, et al. Méthodologies de la recherche en soins palliatifs : les défis de l’interdisciplinarité. Santé Publique. 2021; Vol. 33(2): 199–209.
  25. Kirkpatrick AJ, Donesky D, Kitko LA. A systematic review of interprofessional palliative care education programs. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2023; 65(5): e439–e466.
  26. Noonan K, Horsfall D, Leonard R, et al. Developing death literacy. Progr Palliat Care. 2016; 24(1): 31–35.
  27. Fecher B, Hebing M. How do researchers approach societal impact? PLoS One. 2021; 16(7): e0254006.
  28. Ross-Hellauer T, Tennant JP, Banelytė V, et al. Ten simple rules for innovative dissemination of research. PLoS Comput Biol. 2020; 16(4): e1007704.

Palliative Medicine in Practice