Vol 71, No 4 (2020)
Review article
Published online: 2020-12-30

open access

Page views 1133
Article views/downloads 1014
Get Citation

Connect on Social Media

Connect on Social Media

Work profile of maritime pilots in Germany

Marcus Oldenburg1, Lukas Belz1, Filip Barbarewicz1, Volker Harth1, Hans-Joachim Jensen12
Pubmed: 33394492
IMH 2020;71(4):275-277.

Abstract

Long and irregular shifts, unforeseeable operations and high responsibility are still prominent in the job of a pilot and pose high psycho-physical demands. Furthermore, there is a disturbed work-family balance. Working hours of pilots are highly variable and not bound by regulations due to irregularities of vessel traffic. The pilots have to work in a shifting rotation system. This paper demonstrates the stressors during their work routine and shows the usual working profile of a pilot during their service.

Article available in PDF format

View PDF Download PDF file

References

  1. Carotenuto A, Molino I, Fasanaro AM, et al. Psychological stress in seafarers: a review. Int Marit Health. 2012; 63(4): 188–194.
  2. Nielsen MB, Bergheim K, Eid J. Relationships between work environment factors and workers' well-being in the maritime industry. Int Marit Health. 2013; 64(2): 80–88.
  3. Oldenburg M, Jensen HJ, Latza U, et al. The risk of coronary heart disease of seafarers on vessels sailing under a German flag. Int Marit Health. 2010; 62(3): 123–128.
  4. Chambers TP, Main LC. Symptoms of fatigue and coping strategies in maritime pilotage. Int Marit Health. 2015; 66(1): 43–48.
  5. The Impact of Mega-Ships. International Transport Forum Policy Papers. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris. 2015.
  6. Federal Bureau of Maritime Casualty Investigation. Jahresbericht 2019. 2020.
  7. Marine Insight News Network. Maritime pilot and his duties. 2019. https://www.marineinsight.com/careers-2/maritime-pilot-and-his-duties/ (30.10.2020).
  8. Andresen M, Domsch M, Cascorbi A. Working Unusual Hours and Its Relationship to Job Satisfaction: A Study of European Maritime Pilots. J Labor Res. 2007; 28(4): 714–734.
  9. Runge W. Elblotsen haben Nachwuchssorgen 2019. https://www.welt.de/print/die_welt/hamburg/article198817903/Elblotsen-haben-Nachwuchssorgen.html (24.08.2020).
  10. Saarni H, Niemi L, Pentti J, et al. Is there need for change of health examinations for sea pilots? Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia. 1992; 43(1-4): 25–34.
  11. Gregory K, Hobbs A, Parke B, et al. An evaluation of fatigue factors in maritime pilot work scheduling. Chronobiol Int. 2020 [Epub ahead of print]: 1–7.
  12. Strauch B. Investigating Fatigue in Marine Accident Investigations. Procedia Manufacturing. 2015; 3: 3115–3122.
  13. Barbarewicz F, Jensen HJ, Harth V, et al. Psychophysical stress and strain of maritime pilots in Germany. A cross-sectional study. PLoS One. 2019; 14(8): e0221269.
  14. Ferguson SA, Lamond N, Kandelaars K, et al. The impact of short, irregular sleep opportunities at sea on the alertness of marine pilots working extended hours. Chronobiol Int. 2008; 25(2): 399–411.
  15. Meere K, Van Da, Van Sp. Occupational injuries in Flemish pilots in Belgium. A questionnaire survey. Int Marit Health. 2005; 56(1-4): 67–77.
  16. Main LC, Chambers TP. Factors affecting maritime pilots' health and well-being: a systematic review. Int Marit Health. 2015; 66(4): 220–232.