open access

Vol 70, No 4 (2019)
MARITIME/OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE Original article
Published online: 2019-12-24
Submitted: 2019-11-28
Accepted: 2019-12-13
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Analysis of faecal bacteria isolated from air and seawater samples following an emergency sewage discharge into the Gulf of Gdansk in 2018 — preliminary study

Małgorzata Michalska, Katarzyna Zorena, Maria Bartoszewicz
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2019.0038
·
Pubmed: 31891178
·
International Maritime Health 2019;70(4):239-243.

open access

Vol 70, No 4 (2019)
MARITIME/OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE Original article
Published online: 2019-12-24
Submitted: 2019-11-28
Accepted: 2019-12-13

Abstract

Background: Knowing the numbers of bacteria in coastal atmospheric air as well as in coastal waters significantly contributes to a better understanding of the processes affecting the health of people who stay temporarily or permanently in areas where the synergistic effect of the atmospheric conditions and the aquatic environment on a human body is particularly strong.

Materials and methods: Seawater and air samples were collected from 22 May to 22 July 2018 in the seaside towns of Hel, Puck, Gdynia, Sopot, Gdansk-Brzezno, all located along the Gulf of Gdansk. The number of psychrophilic, mesophilic as well as coliform bacteria and Escherichia coli was determined in both the water and the ambient air samples. In total, 232 seawater and coastal air samples were collected for the study purposes.

Results: The study showed a deterioration of coastal waters and atmospheric air in the Gulf of Gdansk which may have resulted from an increase of potentially pathogenic mesophilic bacteria following the emergency discharge of raw sewage from the Gdansk-Wschod wastewater plant.

Conclusions: An increase in the number of coliform bacteria and Escherichia coli in the seawater and in the air across the Gulf of Gdansk is related to the emergency sewage discharge.

Abstract

Background: Knowing the numbers of bacteria in coastal atmospheric air as well as in coastal waters significantly contributes to a better understanding of the processes affecting the health of people who stay temporarily or permanently in areas where the synergistic effect of the atmospheric conditions and the aquatic environment on a human body is particularly strong.

Materials and methods: Seawater and air samples were collected from 22 May to 22 July 2018 in the seaside towns of Hel, Puck, Gdynia, Sopot, Gdansk-Brzezno, all located along the Gulf of Gdansk. The number of psychrophilic, mesophilic as well as coliform bacteria and Escherichia coli was determined in both the water and the ambient air samples. In total, 232 seawater and coastal air samples were collected for the study purposes.

Results: The study showed a deterioration of coastal waters and atmospheric air in the Gulf of Gdansk which may have resulted from an increase of potentially pathogenic mesophilic bacteria following the emergency discharge of raw sewage from the Gdansk-Wschod wastewater plant.

Conclusions: An increase in the number of coliform bacteria and Escherichia coli in the seawater and in the air across the Gulf of Gdansk is related to the emergency sewage discharge.

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Keywords

coastal air, seawater, bacteria, the Gulf of Gdansk

About this article
Title

Analysis of faecal bacteria isolated from air and seawater samples following an emergency sewage discharge into the Gulf of Gdansk in 2018 — preliminary study

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 70, No 4 (2019)

Pages

239-243

Published online

2019-12-24

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2019.0038

Pubmed

31891178

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2019;70(4):239-243.

Keywords

coastal air
seawater
bacteria
the Gulf of Gdansk

Authors

Małgorzata Michalska
Katarzyna Zorena
Maria Bartoszewicz

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