open access

Vol 69, No 2 (2018)
HYGENIC PROBLEMS ON SHIP Original articles
Published online: 2018-06-22
Submitted: 2018-04-27
Accepted: 2018-05-21
Get Citation

Awareness of health risks and communicable diseases among undergraduate maritime students

Taha Talip Türkistanlı, Coşkan Sevgili
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2018.0021
·
Pubmed: 29939392
·
International Maritime Health 2018;69(2):142-148.

open access

Vol 69, No 2 (2018)
HYGENIC PROBLEMS ON SHIP Original articles
Published online: 2018-06-22
Submitted: 2018-04-27
Accepted: 2018-05-21

Abstract

Background: In case of an emergency related to crew’s health the first responsible person on board is
the appointed officer of the ship. Sometimes these officers aren’t just the only responsible person but
also the only available option. Therefore, they are expected to handle various types of cases from disease
outbreaks to food poisoning. However, officers on board aren’t particularly trained or prepared for such
extreme circumstances. Services like Telemedical Assistances may provide great help in such moments,
but the first identification and contamination of various diseases might not be possible without previously
acquired knowledge and awareness. This study aims to examine and discover the basic health knowledge
and risk awareness of undergraduate maritime students and assess the needs for improved health training
for future maritime officers.


Materials and methods: The study was conducted by proposing an anonymous questionnaire to the undergraduate students of maritime faculties located in Turkey. Questionnaire form was adapted from the study
of Grappasonni et al. This questionnaire examines the awareness of health risks and risks of contracting
communicable diseases among seafarers. A total of 266 Turkish participants joined the study.


Results: Basic health knowledge of the maritime students seems to be well acquired expect for the communicable
diseases and food hygiene. General risk perception for most health issues especially for the communicable diseases is low for all participants. Findings note that most maritime students get their health and disease information from Internet sources. Several differences between Marine Transportation Engineering and Marine Engineering students are found, related to concerns they feel on board for health issues. All maritime students are more concerned about the risks of psychological problems due to isolation. A risk, perception and in some cases awareness shift is observed between classes. All results are limited with participants’ nationality.


Conclusions: Seafarers should be educated and trained according the conditions they face on board. An
improved training method should be adopted. This way, the future officers will be qualified to intervene in
emergency situations.

Abstract

Background: In case of an emergency related to crew’s health the first responsible person on board is
the appointed officer of the ship. Sometimes these officers aren’t just the only responsible person but
also the only available option. Therefore, they are expected to handle various types of cases from disease
outbreaks to food poisoning. However, officers on board aren’t particularly trained or prepared for such
extreme circumstances. Services like Telemedical Assistances may provide great help in such moments,
but the first identification and contamination of various diseases might not be possible without previously
acquired knowledge and awareness. This study aims to examine and discover the basic health knowledge
and risk awareness of undergraduate maritime students and assess the needs for improved health training
for future maritime officers.


Materials and methods: The study was conducted by proposing an anonymous questionnaire to the undergraduate students of maritime faculties located in Turkey. Questionnaire form was adapted from the study
of Grappasonni et al. This questionnaire examines the awareness of health risks and risks of contracting
communicable diseases among seafarers. A total of 266 Turkish participants joined the study.


Results: Basic health knowledge of the maritime students seems to be well acquired expect for the communicable
diseases and food hygiene. General risk perception for most health issues especially for the communicable diseases is low for all participants. Findings note that most maritime students get their health and disease information from Internet sources. Several differences between Marine Transportation Engineering and Marine Engineering students are found, related to concerns they feel on board for health issues. All maritime students are more concerned about the risks of psychological problems due to isolation. A risk, perception and in some cases awareness shift is observed between classes. All results are limited with participants’ nationality.


Conclusions: Seafarers should be educated and trained according the conditions they face on board. An
improved training method should be adopted. This way, the future officers will be qualified to intervene in
emergency situations.

Get Citation

Keywords

communicable diseases, food hygiene, health knowledge, awareness training

About this article
Title

Awareness of health risks and communicable diseases among undergraduate maritime students

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 69, No 2 (2018)

Pages

142-148

Published online

2018-06-22

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2018.0021

Pubmed

29939392

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2018;69(2):142-148.

Keywords

communicable diseases
food hygiene
health knowledge
awareness training

Authors

Taha Talip Türkistanlı
Coşkan Sevgili

References (17)
  1. Schlaich CC, Oldenburg M, Lamshöft MM. Estimating the risk of communicable diseases aboard cargo ships. J Travel Med. 2009; 16(6): 402–406.
  2. Grappasonni I, Marconi D, Mazzucchi F, et al. Survey on food hygiene knowledge on board ships. Int Marit Health. 2013; 64(3): 160–167.
  3. Minooee A, Rickman LS. Infectious diseases on cruise ships. Clin Infect Dis. 1999; 29(4): 737–43; quiz 744.
  4. WHO (World Health Organization) International Health Regulations 2005 [Internet]. 2005. . http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/43883/1/9789241580410_eng.pdf (cited 2018 March 1).
  5. Amenta F, Dauri A, Rizzo N. Telemedicine and medical care to ships without a doctor on board. J Telemed Telecare. 1998; 4 Suppl 1: 44–45.
  6. Grappasonni I, Paci P, Mazzucchi F, et al. Awareness of health risks at the workplace and of risks of contracting communicable diseases including those related to food hygiene, among seafarers. Int Marit Health. 2012; 63(1): 24–31.
  7. Grappasonni I, Paci P, Mazzucchi F, et al. Survey on HIV risk perception and sexual behaviours among seafarers. Int Marit Health. 2011; 62(2): 131–137.
  8. Chowdhury SAA, Smith J, Trowsdale S, et al. HIV/AIDS, health and wellbeing study among International Transport Workers' Federation (ITF) seafarer affiliates. Int Marit Health. 2016; 67(1): 42–50.
  9. Laraqui S, Laraqui O, Manar N, et al. The assessment of seafarers' knowledge, attitudes and practices related to STI/HIV/AIDS in northern Morocco. Int Marit Health. 2017; 68(1): 26–30.
  10. Steptoe A, Wardle J. Health behaviour, risk awareness and emotional well-being in students from Eastern Europe and Western Europe. Social Science & Medicine. 2001; 53(12): 1621–1630.
  11. Soweid RAA, El Kak F, Major S, et al. Changes in health-related attitude and self-reported behaviour of undergraduate students at the American university of Beirut following a health awareness course. Educ Health (Abingdon). 2003; 16(3): 265–278.
  12. Al-Jabri AA, Al-Adawi S, Al-Abri JH, et al. Awareness of hepatitis B virus among undergraduate medical and non-medical students. Saudi Med J. 2004; 25(4): 484–487.
  13. Healy D, Mc Sharry P. Promoting self awareness in undergraduate nursing students in relation to their health status and personal behaviours. Nurse Educ Pract. 2011; 11(4): 228–233.
  14. Konczos C, Bognár J, Szakály Z, et al. Health awareness, motor performance and physical activity of female university students. Biomedical Human Kinetics. 2012; 4.
  15. Oppong AK, Oti-Boadi M. HIV/AIDS knowledge among undergraduate university students: implications for health education programs in Ghana. Afr Health Sci. 2013; 13(2): 270–277.
  16. Chodnik T, Jeżewska M, Jeremin B. Polish system of education in maritime health care and medical assistance for seafarers. Int Marit Health. 2013; 64(1): 24–29.
  17. Oldenburg M, Baur X, Schlaich C. Occupational Risks and Challenges of Seafaring. J Occupational Health. 2010; 52(5): 249–256.

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl