open access

Vol 64, No 3 (2013)
Original article
Published online: 2013-09-25
Submitted: 2013-09-25
Accepted: 2013-09-25
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Association between nationality and occupational injury risk on Danish non-passenger merchant ships

Balázs Ádám
International Maritime Health 2013;64(3):121-125.

open access

Vol 64, No 3 (2013)
MARITIME MEDICINE Original articles
Published online: 2013-09-25
Submitted: 2013-09-25
Accepted: 2013-09-25

Abstract

Background: Maritime occupational accidents can be determined by several factors, among which human characteristics play a crucial role. Worker's safety behaviour depends on individual physical and mental characteristics as well as on his/her social and cultural background. The aim of this study is to investigate the frequency of workplace injuries in the Danish merchant fleet in the period 2010–2012, and to characterise its nationality dependence.

Materials and methods: Occupational injuries data reported from ships registered in the Danish International Ship Register to the Danish Maritime Authority were collected. Publicly available employment data were used to calculate the cumulative incidence rates for Danish, non-Danish European Union (EU) and non-EU employees working on non-passenger ships. Crude injury rates and rates adjusted for occupational status were statistically compared.

Results: The majority of accidents happened to Danish and non-EU workers on non-passenger ships. The injury rate varied around 70 per 1000 among Danish seafarers, while the rate for non-Danish employees was about 30 per 1000. Crude and adjusted relative risk was found significantly lower for EU (0.33–0.46;0.26–0.39) and for non-EU (0.41–0.53; 0.54–0.65) workers compared to Danish seafarers. The difference decreased, but remained significant in most cases for serious injuries.

Conclusions: Occupational injury rates show considerable nationality differences as reported from non-passenger ships registered under the Danish flag. The differences can only be partly explained by varying reporting practices. The findings confirm the results of previous studies and point out the need for effective interventions in the high-risk groups.

Abstract

Background: Maritime occupational accidents can be determined by several factors, among which human characteristics play a crucial role. Worker's safety behaviour depends on individual physical and mental characteristics as well as on his/her social and cultural background. The aim of this study is to investigate the frequency of workplace injuries in the Danish merchant fleet in the period 2010–2012, and to characterise its nationality dependence.

Materials and methods: Occupational injuries data reported from ships registered in the Danish International Ship Register to the Danish Maritime Authority were collected. Publicly available employment data were used to calculate the cumulative incidence rates for Danish, non-Danish European Union (EU) and non-EU employees working on non-passenger ships. Crude injury rates and rates adjusted for occupational status were statistically compared.

Results: The majority of accidents happened to Danish and non-EU workers on non-passenger ships. The injury rate varied around 70 per 1000 among Danish seafarers, while the rate for non-Danish employees was about 30 per 1000. Crude and adjusted relative risk was found significantly lower for EU (0.33–0.46;0.26–0.39) and for non-EU (0.41–0.53; 0.54–0.65) workers compared to Danish seafarers. The difference decreased, but remained significant in most cases for serious injuries.

Conclusions: Occupational injury rates show considerable nationality differences as reported from non-passenger ships registered under the Danish flag. The differences can only be partly explained by varying reporting practices. The findings confirm the results of previous studies and point out the need for effective interventions in the high-risk groups.

Get Citation

Keywords

occupational accident, maritime safety, seafarers’ nationality

About this article
Title

Association between nationality and occupational injury risk on Danish non-passenger merchant ships

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 64, No 3 (2013)

Article type

Original article

Pages

121-125

Published online

2013-09-25

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2013;64(3):121-125.

Keywords

occupational accident
maritime safety
seafarers’ nationality

Authors

Balázs Ádám

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