open access

Vol 64, No 3 (2013)
Original article
Published online: 2013-09-25
Submitted: 2013-09-25
Accepted: 2013-09-25
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Cardiovascular risk factors in seamen and fishermen: review of literature

Richard Pougnet, Laurence Pougnet, Brice Loddé Loddé, Maria Luisa Canals-Pol, Dominique Jegaden, David Lucas, Jean-Dominique Dewitte
International Maritime Health 2013;64(3):107-113.

open access

Vol 64, No 3 (2013)
MARITIME MEDICINE Original articles
Published online: 2013-09-25
Submitted: 2013-09-25
Accepted: 2013-09-25

Abstract

Background and aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among sailors and their evolution over time.

Materials and methods: This study is a review of the literature from Medline® database and the Medicina Maritima journal. With prevalence studies, the overall prevalence was calculated; 2 groups were created according to the study period (1990s vs. 2000s) and compared by c2 test with Mantel-Haenszel correction.

Results: Eighteen articles were selected (total: 57,473 European sailors and 327 non-European sailors). Smoking prevalence varied between 37.3 and 72.3%; overweight prevalence between 27.9 and 66.5%; hypertension was between 8.2 and 49.7%; hypercholesterolaemia (“high blood level of cholesterol”) variedbetween 25.1 and 42% of the populations studied; between 3.3 and 9.3% of the populations studied suffered from diabetes. Two studies showed a 10-year cardiovascular risk comparable to that of the general population. After calculating with similar studies, the prevalences were 61.4% for smoking, 60.9% for overweight, 30.1% for hypertension, 34.6% for high cholesterol, and 3.6% for diabetes. Smoking prevalence was significantly lower in 2000s (45.4% vs. 61.3%, p < 0.01), those of overweight, hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia were higher (64.1% vs. 47.1%, p < 0.01, and 42.1% vs. 14.8%, p < 0.01, 42.0%vs. 33.9%, p = 0.02).Conclusions: Modifiable risk factors are the most studied. Smoking tended to decrease in the 2000s.

Abstract

Background and aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among sailors and their evolution over time.

Materials and methods: This study is a review of the literature from Medline® database and the Medicina Maritima journal. With prevalence studies, the overall prevalence was calculated; 2 groups were created according to the study period (1990s vs. 2000s) and compared by c2 test with Mantel-Haenszel correction.

Results: Eighteen articles were selected (total: 57,473 European sailors and 327 non-European sailors). Smoking prevalence varied between 37.3 and 72.3%; overweight prevalence between 27.9 and 66.5%; hypertension was between 8.2 and 49.7%; hypercholesterolaemia (“high blood level of cholesterol”) variedbetween 25.1 and 42% of the populations studied; between 3.3 and 9.3% of the populations studied suffered from diabetes. Two studies showed a 10-year cardiovascular risk comparable to that of the general population. After calculating with similar studies, the prevalences were 61.4% for smoking, 60.9% for overweight, 30.1% for hypertension, 34.6% for high cholesterol, and 3.6% for diabetes. Smoking prevalence was significantly lower in 2000s (45.4% vs. 61.3%, p < 0.01), those of overweight, hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia were higher (64.1% vs. 47.1%, p < 0.01, and 42.1% vs. 14.8%, p < 0.01, 42.0%vs. 33.9%, p = 0.02).Conclusions: Modifiable risk factors are the most studied. Smoking tended to decrease in the 2000s.

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Keywords

occupational health, risk factors, ships, prevalence, review, maritime

About this article
Title

Cardiovascular risk factors in seamen and fishermen: review of literature

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 64, No 3 (2013)

Article type

Original article

Pages

107-113

Published online

2013-09-25

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2013;64(3):107-113.

Keywords

occupational health
risk factors
ships
prevalence
review
maritime

Authors

Richard Pougnet
Laurence Pougnet
Brice Loddé Loddé
Maria Luisa Canals-Pol
Dominique Jegaden
David Lucas
Jean-Dominique Dewitte

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