open access

Vol 58, No 1-4 (2007)
DIVING. HYPERBARIC MEDICINE
Published online: 2010-03-26
Submitted: 2013-02-18
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Divers’ deaths in Split-Dalmatian county, Croatia (Study of cases, 1994-2004)

Marija Definis-Gojanović, Toni Bresković, Davorka Sutlović
International Maritime Health 2007;58(1-4):139-148.

open access

Vol 58, No 1-4 (2007)
DIVING. HYPERBARIC MEDICINE
Published online: 2010-03-26
Submitted: 2013-02-18

Abstract

The circumstances which lead to divers' death in Split-Dalmatian County in elevenyear period (1994-2004) were analyzed. The data were extracted from the files of autopsy reports of the Department of Forensic Medicine, Split University Hospital and School of Medicine, and the police reports of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Split- Dalmatian County. A total of 31 cases were found during the study period. The number of diving deaths didn't vary significantly through the years 1994-1999 but it increased after year 2000, mostly as a result of domestic and foreign tourists who practiced diving during their summer vacation. The average age of victims was 37.65 years. Of the 31 cases, 13 (41.9%) were apnoea (skin) divers and rest of them (18; 58.1%) were scuba divers. The leading activity of the apnoea divers was underwater fishing, while the majority of scuba divers were in recreational diving. The major cause of death was drowning. The circumstances which had led to the death remained unknown in most cases, mainly due to inexistence of proper criminal investigation.

Abstract

The circumstances which lead to divers' death in Split-Dalmatian County in elevenyear period (1994-2004) were analyzed. The data were extracted from the files of autopsy reports of the Department of Forensic Medicine, Split University Hospital and School of Medicine, and the police reports of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Split- Dalmatian County. A total of 31 cases were found during the study period. The number of diving deaths didn't vary significantly through the years 1994-1999 but it increased after year 2000, mostly as a result of domestic and foreign tourists who practiced diving during their summer vacation. The average age of victims was 37.65 years. Of the 31 cases, 13 (41.9%) were apnoea (skin) divers and rest of them (18; 58.1%) were scuba divers. The leading activity of the apnoea divers was underwater fishing, while the majority of scuba divers were in recreational diving. The major cause of death was drowning. The circumstances which had led to the death remained unknown in most cases, mainly due to inexistence of proper criminal investigation.
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Keywords

diving; drowning; epidemiology

About this article
Title

Divers’ deaths in Split-Dalmatian county, Croatia (Study of cases, 1994-2004)

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 58, No 1-4 (2007)

Pages

139-148

Published online

2010-03-26

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2007;58(1-4):139-148.

Keywords

diving
drowning
epidemiology

Authors

Marija Definis-Gojanović
Toni Bresković
Davorka Sutlović

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