open access

Vol 58, No 1-4 (2007)
MARITIME HEALTH
Published online: 2010-03-26
Submitted: 2013-02-18
Get Citation

Transition from open access to quota based fishery management regimes in Alaska increased the safety of operations

Steven E. Hughes, Christopher Woodley
International Maritime Health 2007;58(1-4):33-45.

open access

Vol 58, No 1-4 (2007)
MARITIME HEALTH
Published online: 2010-03-26
Submitted: 2013-02-18

Abstract

During the past 12 years fishery managers responsible for federal fisheries off Alaska have developed and implemented three new fishery management limited access/quota share programs in place of traditional open access management. The three limited access programs are unique but each provides for the allocation of quota shares to individual participants in the halibut and sablefish longline fishery, in the Bering Sea pollock trawl fishery and in the Bering Sea king and Tanner crab fishery, respectively. New management programs are briefly described and contrasted with traditional management. For each of the three fisheries, management changes over time have generated substantial changes in fishing fleets, their operations, crew employment, economics and safety records. Under quota share management, fleet consolidations have occurred, particularly in the more over capitalized fisheries. The intense speed and inflexible timing associated with open access fisheries have greatly lessened as have the risk taking and incentives to maximize fishing power. Active vessel economic viability has strengthened due to a combination of increased efficiency, higher product yields, reduced costs, greater crew stability and safer operations.

Abstract

During the past 12 years fishery managers responsible for federal fisheries off Alaska have developed and implemented three new fishery management limited access/quota share programs in place of traditional open access management. The three limited access programs are unique but each provides for the allocation of quota shares to individual participants in the halibut and sablefish longline fishery, in the Bering Sea pollock trawl fishery and in the Bering Sea king and Tanner crab fishery, respectively. New management programs are briefly described and contrasted with traditional management. For each of the three fisheries, management changes over time have generated substantial changes in fishing fleets, their operations, crew employment, economics and safety records. Under quota share management, fleet consolidations have occurred, particularly in the more over capitalized fisheries. The intense speed and inflexible timing associated with open access fisheries have greatly lessened as have the risk taking and incentives to maximize fishing power. Active vessel economic viability has strengthened due to a combination of increased efficiency, higher product yields, reduced costs, greater crew stability and safer operations.
Get Citation

Keywords

Alaska fishery management; transition; open access management; limited access/quota share based management; commercial fishing impacts

About this article
Title

Transition from open access to quota based fishery management regimes in Alaska increased the safety of operations

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 58, No 1-4 (2007)

Pages

33-45

Published online

2010-03-26

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2007;58(1-4):33-45.

Keywords

Alaska fishery management
transition
open access management
limited access/quota share based management
commercial fishing impacts

Authors

Steven E. Hughes
Christopher Woodley

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