open access

Vol 62, No 4 (2010)
Original article
Published online: 2011-02-24
Submitted: 2013-02-18
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Cross-sectional survey on the knowledge, attitude and practice of male Filipino seafarers on sexual health

Nicole A Guevara, Pineda M., Dorotan M., Ghimire K. Co M. Guzman A. Postrano L.
International Maritime Health 2010;62(4):224-232.

open access

Vol 62, No 4 (2010)
MARITIME MEDICINE Original articles
Published online: 2011-02-24
Submitted: 2013-02-18

Abstract

The Philippines is currently the world’s leading supplier of seafarers aboard foreign vessels, accounting for nearly a quarter of the world’s maritime industry. Seafarers, being mobile, have a significant contribution impact on the worldwide spread of infectious diseases such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This study aims to determine the level of knowledge, as well as the attitudes and practices (KAP) of male Filipino seafarers regarding sexual health.
A cross-sectional survey was administered through convenience sampling of male Filipino seafarers. The respondents showed the least knowledge about prevention, followed by transmission of STIs. The respondents showed adequate knowledge about risk factors such as multiple sex partners, and about transmission such as vertical spread. In addition, the respondents indicated their attitude and level of responsibility in informing their sexual partners in case they contract STIs and avoidance of high-risk partners. They also showed attitudes that predispose them to high-risk behaviour such as decreased sexual sensation caused by use of condoms and added pleasure in having intercourse with strangers. The majority of respondents were sexually active. Most have STI/HIV screening as part of their pre-employment medical exam. Positive practices include use of condoms, voluntary medical evaluation for STI’s, and avoidance of high-risk partners. Negative practices include going to bars closely linked with prostitution, and most of the respondents had had sexual intercourse with sex workers overseas. Male seafarers appear to have double standards regarding women as sexual partners - about half had intercourse outside their stable relationships. They perceive protection as their sole discretion. (Int Marit Health 2010; 61; 4: 224-232)

Abstract

The Philippines is currently the world’s leading supplier of seafarers aboard foreign vessels, accounting for nearly a quarter of the world’s maritime industry. Seafarers, being mobile, have a significant contribution impact on the worldwide spread of infectious diseases such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This study aims to determine the level of knowledge, as well as the attitudes and practices (KAP) of male Filipino seafarers regarding sexual health.
A cross-sectional survey was administered through convenience sampling of male Filipino seafarers. The respondents showed the least knowledge about prevention, followed by transmission of STIs. The respondents showed adequate knowledge about risk factors such as multiple sex partners, and about transmission such as vertical spread. In addition, the respondents indicated their attitude and level of responsibility in informing their sexual partners in case they contract STIs and avoidance of high-risk partners. They also showed attitudes that predispose them to high-risk behaviour such as decreased sexual sensation caused by use of condoms and added pleasure in having intercourse with strangers. The majority of respondents were sexually active. Most have STI/HIV screening as part of their pre-employment medical exam. Positive practices include use of condoms, voluntary medical evaluation for STI’s, and avoidance of high-risk partners. Negative practices include going to bars closely linked with prostitution, and most of the respondents had had sexual intercourse with sex workers overseas. Male seafarers appear to have double standards regarding women as sexual partners - about half had intercourse outside their stable relationships. They perceive protection as their sole discretion. (Int Marit Health 2010; 61; 4: 224-232)
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Keywords

seafarers; Filipino; sexual health; male Filipino seafarers; OFW

About this article
Title

Cross-sectional survey on the knowledge, attitude and practice of male Filipino seafarers on sexual health

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 62, No 4 (2010)

Article type

Original article

Pages

224-232

Published online

2011-02-24

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2010;62(4):224-232.

Keywords

seafarers
Filipino
sexual health
male Filipino seafarers
OFW

Authors

Nicole A Guevara
Pineda M.
Dorotan M.
Ghimire K. Co M. Guzman A. Postrano L.

References (11)
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  3. WHO (2008). 10 Facts on sexually transmitted infections. http://www.who.int/features/ /factfiles/sexually_transmitted_diseases/en/index.html (15.11.2009).
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  7. Binghay V (2004). Scientific paper on Ensuring Occupational Health and Safety for Overseas Filipino Seafarers. http://www.freewebs.com/upsolair/ / E n s u ring%20Occupational%20Health%20and%20Safety%20for%20Overseas%20Filipino%20Seafarers.pdf (12.11.2009).
  8. National Statistics Office (2005). Income and Employment Statistics Division: Press release on the 2004 Survey on Overseas Filipinos. http://www.census.gov.ph/data/pressrelease/2005/of04tx.html. (12.11.2009).
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  11. Santos A, Munez M. Emergent. Sexuality Issues Among Selected Populations of Filipino Migrants. Living on the Edges: Cross-Border Mobility and Sexual Exploitation. The Southeast Asian Consor tium on Gender, Sexuality and Health. 2003: 281–317.

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