open access

Vol 63, No 3 (2012)
Original article
Published online: 2012-11-06
Submitted: 2013-02-18
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Health effects due to fumigated freight containers and goods: how to detect, how to act

Alexandra M. Preisser, Lygia T. Budnik, Xaver Baur
International Maritime Health 2012;63(3):133-139.

open access

Vol 63, No 3 (2012)
MARITIME MEDICINE Original articles
Published online: 2012-11-06
Submitted: 2013-02-18

Abstract

Headache, concentration and memory disorders, dizziness and nausea, skin irritation, respiratory distress, and muscle cramps — isolated or in various combinations — may be the result of acute or chronic intoxication by fumigants. The occurrence of these symptoms in workers who are engaged in the opening and unloading of containers, unpacking of imported goods, ventilating of containers, or working on bulk carriers are urgent indications of intoxication by fumigants or other toxic chemical residues in the transported goods. The severity of the disorder depends on the concentration and duration of exposure, distribution and release of the fumigant, its kinetics, the individual susceptibility of the person, as well as any simultaneous exposure to other toxic substances. Physical symptoms, acute and chronic health effects due to contact with fumigants, are complex and difficult to discover. In this article we explain how to identify the guiding symptoms and describe the appropriate diagnostic steps and the prevention of such events on cargo vessels as well as in the logistics and the handling of imported goods.

Abstract

Headache, concentration and memory disorders, dizziness and nausea, skin irritation, respiratory distress, and muscle cramps — isolated or in various combinations — may be the result of acute or chronic intoxication by fumigants. The occurrence of these symptoms in workers who are engaged in the opening and unloading of containers, unpacking of imported goods, ventilating of containers, or working on bulk carriers are urgent indications of intoxication by fumigants or other toxic chemical residues in the transported goods. The severity of the disorder depends on the concentration and duration of exposure, distribution and release of the fumigant, its kinetics, the individual susceptibility of the person, as well as any simultaneous exposure to other toxic substances. Physical symptoms, acute and chronic health effects due to contact with fumigants, are complex and difficult to discover. In this article we explain how to identify the guiding symptoms and describe the appropriate diagnostic steps and the prevention of such events on cargo vessels as well as in the logistics and the handling of imported goods.
Get Citation

Keywords

fumigants; container turnover; occupational risk; health effects

About this article
Title

Health effects due to fumigated freight containers and goods: how to detect, how to act

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 63, No 3 (2012)

Article type

Original article

Pages

133-139

Published online

2012-11-06

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2012;63(3):133-139.

Keywords

fumigants
container turnover
occupational risk
health effects

Authors

Alexandra M. Preisser
Lygia T. Budnik
Xaver Baur

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