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Vol 12, No 5 (2017)
Young Cardiology
Published online: 2017-11-22
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What kind of patients most often undergo isolated CABG? Characteristics of patients undergoing isolated CABG — a single-center study

Olga Jelonek, Kamil Michta, Iwona Gorczyca-Michta, Michał Bączek, Edward Pietrzyk, Beata Wożakowska-Kapłon
DOI: 10.5603/FC.2017.0085
·
Folia Cardiologica 2017;12(5):453-458.

open access

Vol 12, No 5 (2017)
Young Cardiology
Published online: 2017-11-22

Abstract

Introduction. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a method of treating coronary artery disease in patients with a variety of co-morbidities and at different age. The aim of the study was to characterize patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass surgery. Material and methods. Retrospective analysis included medical records of patients operated in the Cardiac Surgery Department of Świętokrzyskie Center of Cardiology from 2009 to 2011. The inclusion criterion in the study was an isolated coronary artery bypass surgery in patients without atrial fibrillation prior to surgery. Results. A total of 791 patients were enrolled. Men accounted for 74.3% (n = 588) of the subjects. The mean age of patients in the study was 64.6 (± 9.1) years. The majority of patients were aged 60–69. Hypertension occurred in 607 out of 791 patients (76.7%). Heart failure was reported in 20.6% (n = 163) of patients undergoing CABG. The mean number of implanted grafts was 2.7 ± 0.5. The left anterior descending coronary artery was revascularized in 99.5% (n = 787) patients. Postoperative complications after CABG occurred in 41% of patients. Conclusions. Men were more likely to undergo isolated CABG than women. The largest group of patients undergoing isolated CABG were those aged 60–69 years. Most patients undergoing isolated CABG had hypertension. Postoperative complications were observed in 41% of the patients, mostly low output syndrome.

Abstract

Introduction. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a method of treating coronary artery disease in patients with a variety of co-morbidities and at different age. The aim of the study was to characterize patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass surgery. Material and methods. Retrospective analysis included medical records of patients operated in the Cardiac Surgery Department of Świętokrzyskie Center of Cardiology from 2009 to 2011. The inclusion criterion in the study was an isolated coronary artery bypass surgery in patients without atrial fibrillation prior to surgery. Results. A total of 791 patients were enrolled. Men accounted for 74.3% (n = 588) of the subjects. The mean age of patients in the study was 64.6 (± 9.1) years. The majority of patients were aged 60–69. Hypertension occurred in 607 out of 791 patients (76.7%). Heart failure was reported in 20.6% (n = 163) of patients undergoing CABG. The mean number of implanted grafts was 2.7 ± 0.5. The left anterior descending coronary artery was revascularized in 99.5% (n = 787) patients. Postoperative complications after CABG occurred in 41% of patients. Conclusions. Men were more likely to undergo isolated CABG than women. The largest group of patients undergoing isolated CABG were those aged 60–69 years. Most patients undergoing isolated CABG had hypertension. Postoperative complications were observed in 41% of the patients, mostly low output syndrome.
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Keywords

isolated CABG, revascularization, arterial hypertension, heart failure

About this article
Title

What kind of patients most often undergo isolated CABG? Characteristics of patients undergoing isolated CABG — a single-center study

Journal

Folia Cardiologica

Issue

Vol 12, No 5 (2017)

Pages

453-458

Published online

2017-11-22

DOI

10.5603/FC.2017.0085

Bibliographic record

Folia Cardiologica 2017;12(5):453-458.

Keywords

isolated CABG
revascularization
arterial hypertension
heart failure

Authors

Olga Jelonek
Kamil Michta
Iwona Gorczyca-Michta
Michał Bączek
Edward Pietrzyk
Beata Wożakowska-Kapłon

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