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Vol 2, No 1 (2006)
Prace poglądowe
Published online: 2006-02-07
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Physical activity in prevention and treatment of obesity

Michał Plewa, Andrzej Markiewicz
Endokrynol. Otył. Zab. Przem. Mat 2006;2(1):30-37.

open access

Vol 2, No 1 (2006)
Prace poglądowe
Published online: 2006-02-07

Abstract

The numerous epidemiological studies seem to confirm the influence of reduced level of physical activity on development of obesity worldwide. Physical activity is one of the fundamental factor of complex treatment of obesity. Regular physical activity results in increased energy consumption, which mainly causes loss of body weight and also brings about a number of positive effects in human organism such as: muscle and bone mass increase, glucose tolerance and lipid profile improvement, resting and exercise blood pressure lowering, heart rate decrease, general self-esteem and mental health improvement. Physical activity recommendations should concern increased basic daily physical activity, as well as incorporating moderate- intensity physical activity, at least 30 minutes a day, during leisure time, preferably every day. Such physical activity program should be individually tailored to patients’ abilities and preferences and should result in loss of about 300 kcal per one session of exercises. Exercises performed in non-weight bearing positions (such as aquatherapy and biking) are recommended for obese patients to avoid direct stress on their lower extremity joints due to usual degenerative joint disease coexistence.

Abstract

The numerous epidemiological studies seem to confirm the influence of reduced level of physical activity on development of obesity worldwide. Physical activity is one of the fundamental factor of complex treatment of obesity. Regular physical activity results in increased energy consumption, which mainly causes loss of body weight and also brings about a number of positive effects in human organism such as: muscle and bone mass increase, glucose tolerance and lipid profile improvement, resting and exercise blood pressure lowering, heart rate decrease, general self-esteem and mental health improvement. Physical activity recommendations should concern increased basic daily physical activity, as well as incorporating moderate- intensity physical activity, at least 30 minutes a day, during leisure time, preferably every day. Such physical activity program should be individually tailored to patients’ abilities and preferences and should result in loss of about 300 kcal per one session of exercises. Exercises performed in non-weight bearing positions (such as aquatherapy and biking) are recommended for obese patients to avoid direct stress on their lower extremity joints due to usual degenerative joint disease coexistence.
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Keywords

obesity; physical activity; exercises

About this article
Title

Physical activity in prevention and treatment of obesity

Journal

Endocrinology, Obesity and Metabolic Disorders

Issue

Vol 2, No 1 (2006)

Pages

30-37

Published online

2006-02-07

Bibliographic record

Endokrynol. Otył. Zab. Przem. Mat 2006;2(1):30-37.

Keywords

obesity
physical activity
exercises

Authors

Michał Plewa
Andrzej Markiewicz

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