Vol 75, No 3 (2024)
Review paper
Published online: 2024-06-26

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Metabolic-associated fatty liver disease and the role of hormones in its aetiopathogenesis

Szymon Suwała1, Roman Junik1
Pubmed: 38923899
Endokrynol Pol 2024;75(3):237-252.

Abstract

Metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) is a newly coined term that links the presence of liver steatosis (characterised by the accumulation of lipids in at least 5% of liver cells) with a condition of overall systemic metabolic dysfunction. MAFLD impacts 24–36% of the global population. As per the official guidelines, a diagnosis of MAFLD can be made when hepatosteatosis is accompanied by type 2 diabetes mellitus, overweight, obesity, or at least 2 other specific metabolic abnormalities (increased waist circumference, hypertension, dyslipidaemia, prediabetes, elevated C-reactive protein level, or increased homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance: HOMA-IR).

MAFLD is a heterogeneous illness associated with multiple diseases that impact various organs, particularly endocrine organs. Endocrinopathies can significantly influence the progression and severity of MAFLD. This paper provides a brief overview of the existing research on the connection between liver steatosis and the functioning of endocrine organs. The authors also propose dividing endocrine diseases into those having a possible, strong, and clear relationship with hepatosteatosis (for the purpose of preliminary recommendations regarding the need for monitoring the possible progression of MAFLD in these groups of patients).

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