open access

Vol 8, No 3 (2023)
Research paper
Published online: 2023-03-07
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Disaster preparedness assessment in emergency department: a cross-sectional study

Ilfa Khairina1, Nelwati Nelwati1, Esthika Ariany Maisa1, Dally Rahman1
·
Disaster Emerg Med J 2023;8(3):134-140.
Affiliations
  1. Departement of Medical Surgical and Emergency Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Andalas, Padang, Indonesia

open access

Vol 8, No 3 (2023)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2023-03-07

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The increasing incidence of natural and non-natural disasters has become a new challenge for nurses in the emergency department (ED). The efficiency of health services provided to the community is needed to optimize disaster preparedness management by nurses in ED. This study aimed to assess the level of disaster preparedness assessment among emergency nurses in Padang of Indonesia.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was conducted in three emergency departments: a teaching hospital, a public hospital, and a referral hospital in Padang of Indonesia. Fifty nurses in ED were selected using a purposive sampling technique. A self-administered questionnaire was used to measure the sociodemographic of nurses. Meanwhile, the Emergency Preparedness Information Questionnaire (EPIQ) was used to measure emergency nurses’ disaster preparedness assessment. Data were analyzed using independent T-test and One-way ANOVA.

RESULTS: The finding of this study indicated there were no differences in the level of assessment preparedness for disaster among nurses by nursing education. However, there were differences in the level of assessment preparedness for disaster among nurses by places of work, especially sub-dimension familiarity with isolation, quarantine, and decontamination (p = 0.045), psychological issues (p = 0.029), and communication and connectivity (p = 0.018).

CONCLUSIONS: Familiarity is associated with isolation, quarantine, decontamination, psychological issues, and communication and connectivity among nurses in ED. Therefore, the hospital can utilize the planning and disaster-based programs services used as an instrument to adjust for potential disasters in the hospital region. Furthermore, nurses’ self-efficacy can increase psychological issues to optimize disaster knowledge and skill.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The increasing incidence of natural and non-natural disasters has become a new challenge for nurses in the emergency department (ED). The efficiency of health services provided to the community is needed to optimize disaster preparedness management by nurses in ED. This study aimed to assess the level of disaster preparedness assessment among emergency nurses in Padang of Indonesia.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was conducted in three emergency departments: a teaching hospital, a public hospital, and a referral hospital in Padang of Indonesia. Fifty nurses in ED were selected using a purposive sampling technique. A self-administered questionnaire was used to measure the sociodemographic of nurses. Meanwhile, the Emergency Preparedness Information Questionnaire (EPIQ) was used to measure emergency nurses’ disaster preparedness assessment. Data were analyzed using independent T-test and One-way ANOVA.

RESULTS: The finding of this study indicated there were no differences in the level of assessment preparedness for disaster among nurses by nursing education. However, there were differences in the level of assessment preparedness for disaster among nurses by places of work, especially sub-dimension familiarity with isolation, quarantine, and decontamination (p = 0.045), psychological issues (p = 0.029), and communication and connectivity (p = 0.018).

CONCLUSIONS: Familiarity is associated with isolation, quarantine, decontamination, psychological issues, and communication and connectivity among nurses in ED. Therefore, the hospital can utilize the planning and disaster-based programs services used as an instrument to adjust for potential disasters in the hospital region. Furthermore, nurses’ self-efficacy can increase psychological issues to optimize disaster knowledge and skill.

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Keywords

emergency assessment; disaster preparedness; nurses

About this article
Title

Disaster preparedness assessment in emergency department: a cross-sectional study

Journal

Disaster and Emergency Medicine Journal

Issue

Vol 8, No 3 (2023)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

134-140

Published online

2023-03-07

Page views

425

Article views/downloads

357

DOI

10.5603/DEMJ.a2023.0005

Bibliographic record

Disaster Emerg Med J 2023;8(3):134-140.

Keywords

emergency assessment
disaster preparedness
nurses

Authors

Ilfa Khairina
Nelwati Nelwati
Esthika Ariany Maisa
Dally Rahman

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