open access

Vol 8, No 3 (2023)
Review paper
Published online: 2023-02-22
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Factors affecting burnout in Iranian health care workers during COVID-19: a systematic review

Fatemeh Aliakbari1, Laila Ebrahimi Sheikh Shabani2, Samaneh Dehghan-Abnavi3, Hojjat Farahmandnia4, Ali Sahebi5
·
Disaster Emerg Med J 2023;8(3):166-174.
Affiliations
  1. Community-Oriented Nursing Midwifery Research, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
  2. School of Allied Medical Sciences, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
  3. School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
  4. Health in Disasters and Emergencies Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  5. Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran

open access

Vol 8, No 3 (2023)
REVIEW ARTICLES
Published online: 2023-02-22

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Working through the COVID-19 pandemic has exposed Health Care Workers to physical and psychological risks that can result in a broad range of mental health problems, including burnout. The aim of the present study was to investigate factors affecting burnout in Iranian Health Care Workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Identifying the principal factors affecting burnout will assist efforts to prepare for, and, prevent harm, to staff participating in future healthcare emergencies.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review of scientific literature using the PRISMA guideline was completed, and included literature published from January 2020 until December 2021. The articles related to burnout in Iranian Health Care Workers during COVID-19 were obtained through Google Scholar, SID, Magiran Scopus, PubMed, and Web of Science databases using related keywords. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the obtained data.

RESULTS: 203 articles were identified through an initial search and finally, 14 studies were entered into the analysis. Based on the literature review, the principal factors affecting burnout were divided into 2 main themes and 4 subthemes. The themes included human factors, and organizational factors, and the subthemes included individual characteristics, psychosocial factors, occupational conditions, and training.

CONCLUSIONS: Individual and psychosocial characteristics have important effects on burnout among Health Care Workers and this can cause negative flow-on effects on the quality of life of these workers, and the quality of medical services. The prevalence of burnout is relatively higher among medical practitioners and nurses, and it is important to enhance coping resources and health education activities that support the resilience of these clinicians in the challenging and stressful context of a pandemic.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Working through the COVID-19 pandemic has exposed Health Care Workers to physical and psychological risks that can result in a broad range of mental health problems, including burnout. The aim of the present study was to investigate factors affecting burnout in Iranian Health Care Workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Identifying the principal factors affecting burnout will assist efforts to prepare for, and, prevent harm, to staff participating in future healthcare emergencies.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review of scientific literature using the PRISMA guideline was completed, and included literature published from January 2020 until December 2021. The articles related to burnout in Iranian Health Care Workers during COVID-19 were obtained through Google Scholar, SID, Magiran Scopus, PubMed, and Web of Science databases using related keywords. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the obtained data.

RESULTS: 203 articles were identified through an initial search and finally, 14 studies were entered into the analysis. Based on the literature review, the principal factors affecting burnout were divided into 2 main themes and 4 subthemes. The themes included human factors, and organizational factors, and the subthemes included individual characteristics, psychosocial factors, occupational conditions, and training.

CONCLUSIONS: Individual and psychosocial characteristics have important effects on burnout among Health Care Workers and this can cause negative flow-on effects on the quality of life of these workers, and the quality of medical services. The prevalence of burnout is relatively higher among medical practitioners and nurses, and it is important to enhance coping resources and health education activities that support the resilience of these clinicians in the challenging and stressful context of a pandemic.

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Keywords

burnout; Iran; health care worker; COVID-19; systematic review

About this article
Title

Factors affecting burnout in Iranian health care workers during COVID-19: a systematic review

Journal

Disaster and Emergency Medicine Journal

Issue

Vol 8, No 3 (2023)

Article type

Review paper

Pages

166-174

Published online

2023-02-22

Page views

437

Article views/downloads

354

DOI

10.5603/DEMJ.a2023.0003

Bibliographic record

Disaster Emerg Med J 2023;8(3):166-174.

Keywords

burnout
Iran
health care worker
COVID-19
systematic review

Authors

Fatemeh Aliakbari
Laila Ebrahimi Sheikh Shabani
Samaneh Dehghan-Abnavi
Hojjat Farahmandnia
Ali Sahebi

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