Vol 4, No 4 (2019)
Research paper
Published online: 2019-10-30

open access

Page views 983
Article views/downloads 666
Get Citation

Connect on Social Media

Connect on Social Media

Epidemiology of Limb Injuries in paediatric patients receiving care from Emergency Medical Service teams: descriptive analysys

Kamil Safiejko1, Marek Malysz2, Lukasz Szarpak2, Jerzy Robert Ladny3
Disaster Emerg Med J 2019;4(4):151-157.


INTRODUCTION: Injury-related interventions currently place a heavy workload on emergency medical teams in both adults and paediatric patients. One of the most common types of injuries are limb injuries caused by physical activity, falls or traffic accidents. It is extremely important to provide adequate protection for the paediatric patient in case of injury, as homeostasis disorders can occur very quickly in this age group. The aim of the study was to obtain data on the type and frequency of limb injuries in the group of paediatric patients who received medical rescue services interventions. An attempt was also made to specify the most frequent causes of limb injuries.

MATERIAL AND MeTHODS: The study was based on a retrospective analysis of medical records of emergency rescue teams in the period from November 2017 to October 2018. The study included an analysis of interventions to patients under 18 years of age to whom EMS teams intervened due to limb injury. The analysis included sociodemographic data such as age, gender, time and place of the injury, as well as the type of injury based on the ICD-10 classification.

RESULTS: In the studied period, 289 interventions in paediatric patients with limb injuries were recorded, which constituted 9.8% of all interventions in paediatric patients. The main site of the injury was a school. Upper limb injuries were reported in 123 cases, which constituted 42.6% of the intervention to the studied group of patients. The upper limb injuries were predominantly caused by forearm fractures (n = 33; Tab. 3), while the lower limb — by knee joint injuries.

CONCLUSIONS: Limb injuries account for nearly 10% of all EMS interventions in paediatric patients. The main site of the injury was a school and the most frequent were upper limb injuries including forearm fractures, while for the lower limb — knee joint injuries. Further action should be taken to reduce the number of limb injuries in children.

Article available in PDF format

View PDF Download PDF file


  1. Barnard AM, Nelson NG, Xiang H, et al. Pediatric mobility aid-related injuries treated in US emergency departments from 1991 to 2008. Pediatrics. 2010; 125(6): 1200–1207.
  2. Chéron C, Le Scanff C, Leboeuf-Yde C. Association between sports type and overuse injuries of extremities in children and adolescents: a systematic review. Chiropr Man Therap. 2016; 24: 41.
  3. Er E, Çorbacıoğlu ŞK, Güler S, et al. Analyses of demographical and injury characteristics of adult and pediatric patients injured in Syrian civil war. Am J Emerg Med. 2017; 35(1): 82–86.
  4. Montgomery C, Porter A, Parks C, et al. Football-Related Pediatric Extremity Fractures and Dislocations: Size Matters. Orthopedics. 2018; 41(4): 216–221.
  5. Wasserman EB, Sauers EL, Register-Mihalik JK, et al. The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Boys' Baseball (2005-2006 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Men's Baseball (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014). J Athl Train. 2019; 54(2): 198–211.
  6. Kamboj AK, Chounthirath T, Hodges NL, et al. Nonfatal Pediatric Injuries Associated With Consumer Products and Sports and Recreational Activities in the United States. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2019 [Epub ahead of print].
  7. Berthold O, Frericks B, John T, et al. Abuse as a Cause of Childhood Fractures. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2018; 115(46): 769–775.
  8. Wegmann H, Orendi I, Singer G, et al. The epidemiology of fractures in infants--Which accidents are preventable? Injury. 2016; 47(1): 188–191.
  9. Odetola FO, Gebremariam A. Paediatric trauma in the USA: patterns of emergency department visits and associated hospital resource use. Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2015; 22(3): 260–266.
  10. Agostinis-Sobrinho C, Gómez-Martínez S, Nova E, et al. Lifestyle patterns and endocrine, metabolic, and immunological biomarkers in European adolescents: The HELENA study. Pediatr Diabetes. 2019; 20(1): 23–31.
  11. Issin A, Kockara N, Oner A, et al. Epidemiologic Properties of Pediatric Fractures in a Metropolitan Area of Turkey. Medicine (Baltimore). 2015; 94(43): e1877.
  12. Huleatt JB, Nissen CW, Milewski MD. Pediatric Sports Medicine Injuries: Common Problems and Solutions. Clin Sports Med. 2018; 37(2): 351–362.
  13. Rubin G, Peleg K, Givon A, et al. Israel Trauma Group. Upper extremity fractures among hospitalized pediatric road traffic accident victims. Am J Emerg Med. 2015; 33(5): 667–670.

Disaster and Emergency Medicine Journal