Vol 3, No 3 (2018)
Published online: 2018-09-30

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Comparison analysis of newborn birthing with vaginal delivery and cesarean section

Magdalena Roguska1, Łukasz Czyżewski2, Janusz Wyzgał2, Izabela Sztybor3, Dominika Dunder3, Emilia Czyżewska4
Disaster Emerg Med J 2018;3(3):91-95.


Introduction: Most of them perceive a vaginal delivery as morbid, painful, often complicated. Fear of pain, fear of a child, negative experiences associated with a previous birth and the opinions of relatives often contribute to the termination of pregnancy through cesarean section without medical indications “cesarean section on demand”. The aim of the study was to compare the state of newborns born with vaginal delivery with newborns born through caesarean section. 

Methods: The research was carried out in January 2018 at the District Hospital in Węgrów (Poland) at the Neonatology Department. 47 consecutive newborns of the Neonatological Department born in January 2018, were included in the study. 

Results: The study group consisted of 47 newborns — 27 (57%) newborns were enrolled in the group of neonates born via caesarean section. The termination of pregnancy occurred usually at week 39 (± 1), and the average age of the maternal mothers is 30 years (± 5). The child’s weight is 3622g (± 523), umbilical cord pH 7.359 (± 0.052). Maternal age does not seem to have a significant impact on the type of delivery in the case of caesarean section, the average age is 29 years (± 6), in terms of childbirth, the mother’s age is 30 years (± 6). 

Conclusions: In conclusion, our data indicate that: (1) The average weight of neonates born via caesarean section is higher than the postnatal weight of newborns from vaginal delivery; (2) There is a relationship between the mother’s age and the pH value of umbilical cord blood and postnatal weight of the child; (3) Transient and vomiting are more common in neonates born by caesarean section in the adaptive period; (4) The type of delivery does not affect the pH of umbilical cord blood of a newborn. 

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Disaster and Emergency Medicine Journal