Vol 6, No 4 (2021)
Review paper
Published online: 2021-12-15

open access

Page views 6410
Article views/downloads 650
Get Citation

Connect on Social Media

Connect on Social Media

The knowledge, attitudes, and practice (KAP) of the Iranian public towards COVID-19: a systematic review

Ali Sahebi1, Mohamad Golitaleb2, Fatemeh Aliakbari3, Kosar Yousefi1, Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri4
Disaster Emerg Med J 2021;6(4):186-193.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 is an extremely contagious disease that has led to a global pandemic. Control of this pandemic requires community awareness and adherence to preventive behaviors. The aim of this review is to investigate the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of the Iranian public towards the COVID-19 pandemic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. Databases including Magiran, SID, ISC, Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane, ProQuest, Science Direct, and Google Scholar were searched for literature. The searches were conducted in both Farsi and English without any time limit until the end of December 2020. The research question and inclusion and exclusion criteria were designed according to the PICO. For qualifying studies, the NOS checklist was used. We used narrative synthesis for synthesizing the entered studies. RESULTS: 138 studies were found during the initial search, of which 13 were systematically reviewed. All studies identified had a cross-sectional design and used researcher-designed tools for data collection. Overall, 11 111 people (4900 men and 6211 women) from the public population of Iran were included. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of Iranians studied had appropriate (KAP) regarding COVID-19 precautions. Policymakers should continue public health education measures.

Article available in PDF format

View PDF Download PDF file

References

  1. Vardanjani AE, Moayedi S, Golitaleb M. COVID-19 pandemic hemoperfusion therapy versus plasma exchange therapy in intensive care. Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2020; 19(S1): 7–9.
  2. Zhai P, Ding Y, Wu X, et al. The epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2020; 55(5): 105955.
  3. Doshmangir L, Ahari AM, Qolipour K, et al. East Asia's strategies for effective response to COVID-19: lessons learned for Iran. Manage Strat Health Syst. 2020; 4(4): 370–373.
  4. Word Health Organization. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), situation report, 102. Geneva, 2020.
  5. Rothan HA, Byrareddy SN. The epidemiology and pathogenesis of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. J Autoimmun. 2020; 109: 102433.
  6. Wu Z, McGoogan JM. Characteristics of and important lessons from the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in China: summary of a report of 72 314 cases from the Chinese center for disease control and prevention. JAMA. 2020; 323(13): 1239–1242.
  7. World Health Organization. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public. Geneva, 2020.
  8. Noar SM, Zimmerman RS. Health behavior theory and cumulative knowledge regarding health behaviors: are we moving in the right direction? Health Educ Res. 2005; 20(3): 275–290.
  9. Kakemam E, Ghoddoosi-Nejad D, Chegini Z, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices among the general population during COVID-19 outbreak in Iran: a national cross-sectional online survey. Front Public Health. 2020; 8: 585302.
  10. Shahabi N, Kamalzadeh Takhti H, Hassani Azad M, et al. Knowledge, attitude, and preventive behaviors of Hormozgan residents toward COVID-19, one month after the epidemic in Iran. Z Gesundh Wiss. 2021 [Epub ahead of print]: 1–12.
  11. Zhong BL, Luo W, Li HM, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: a quick online cross-sectional survey. Int J Biol Sci. 2020; 16(10): 1745–1752.
  12. Adab Z, Azizi M, Solhi M, et al. Dormitory student’s knowledge and atittiude about influenza a (H1N1) disease. Rahavard Salamat J. 2016; 2: 10–17.
  13. McEachan R, Taylor N, Harrison R, et al. Meta-analysis of the reasoned action approach (RAA) to understanding health behaviors. Ann Behav Med. 2016; 50(4): 592–612.
  14. Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, et al. PRISMA Group. Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. PLoS Med. 2009; 6(7): e1000097.
  15. Feleke DG, Alemu Y, Bisetegn H, et al. Intestinal parasitic infections and associated factors among street dwellers and prison inmates: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2021; 16(8): e0255641.
  16. Modesti PA, Reboldi G, Cappuccio FP. Panethnic differences in blood pressure in Europe: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2016; 11(1): e0147601.
  17. Moradzadeh R, Nazari J, Shamsi M, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward coronavirus disease 2019 in the central area of Iran: a population-based study. Front Public Health. 2020; 8: 599007.
  18. Rahimi M, Maracy MR, Shahraki RA. A survey of knowledge, attitude and practice of the older people about COVID-19 pandemic in Isfahan, Iran. Journal of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 2020; 68(4): 204–211.
  19. Fallahi A, Mahdavifar N, Ghorbani A, et al. Public knowledge, attitude and practice regarding home quarantine to prevent COVID-19 in Sabzevar city, Iran. J Mil Med. 2020; 22(6): 580–588.
  20. Maharlouei N, Asadi N, Bazrafshan K, et al. Knowledge and attitude regarding COVID-19 among pregnant women in Southwestern Iran in the early period of its outbreak: a cross-sectional study. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2020; 103(6): 2368–2375.
  21. Honarvar B, Lankarani KB, Kharmandar A, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, risk perceptions, and practices of adults toward COVID-19: a population and field-based study from Iran. Int J Public Health. 2020; 65(6): 731–739.
  22. Shaygannejad V, Afshari-Safavi A, Hatef B. Assessment of mental health, knowledge, and attitude of patients with multiple sclerosis and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder in response to 2019 novel coronavirus. Neurol Sci. 2021; 42(7): 2891–2901.
  23. Nourmoradi H, Kazembeigi F, Kakaei H, et al. Assessment of knowledge, attitude, and practice toward COVID-19 among a sample of Iranian general population. Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences. 2020; 8(T1): 167–174.
  24. Nasirzadeh M, Aligol M. Assessmentof knowledge, attitude, and factors associated with the preventive behaviors of COVID-19 in Qom, Iran, in 2020. Qom Univ Med Sci J. 2020; 14(7): 50–57.
  25. Sahraian MA, Gheini MR, Rezaeimanesh N, et al. Knowledge regarding COVID-19 pandemic in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS): a report from Iran. Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2020; 42: 102193.
  26. Hosseini J, Nematollahi S, Pour ME, et al. Knowledge, attitudes and practice of Tehran citizens regarding the social distancing rules and its related factors during the COVID-19 pandemic. Men’s Health Journal. 2020; 4(1): e17.
  27. Noori N, Teimouri A, Khalili M, et al. Knowledge, attitude, and practice towards COVID-19 among parents or guardians of patient children. CJHR. 2020; 5(2): 39–44.
  28. Kalani N. Knowledge, attitude and practice against the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) among the Jahrom city people: a cross-sectional study. IJMRA. 2020; 3(9).
  29. Puspitasari IM, Yusuf L, Sinuraya RK, et al. Knowledge, attitude, and practice during the COVID-19 pandemic: a review. J Multidiscip Healthc. 2020; 13: 727–733.
  30. Haghighi FK, Kouhi P, Amini M, et al. Knowledge, attitude, and practice toward COVID-19 among healthcare workers in Shiraz, Iran. Shiraz E-Med J. 2020; 21(12): e108872.
  31. Pal R, Yadav U, Grover S, et al. Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards COVID-19 among young adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus amid the nationwide lockdown in India: a cross-sectional survey. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2020; 166: 108344.
  32. Ajay K, Hamza I, Deepika K, et al. Knowledge & awareness about COVID-19 and the practice of respiratory hygiene and other preventive measures among patients with diabetes mellitus in Pakistan. European Scientific Journal ESJ. 2020; 16(12): 53.
  33. Melesie Taye G, Bose L, Beressa TB, et al. COVID-19 knowledge, attitudes, and prevention practices among people with hypertension and diabetes mellitus attending public health facilities in Ambo, Ethiopia. Infect Drug Resist. 2020; 13: 4203–4214.
  34. Alzoubi H, Alnawaiseh N, Al-Mnayyis A, et al. COVID-19 - knowledge, attitude and practice among medical and non-medical university students in Jordan. J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2020; 14(1): 17–24.
  35. Chan AKM, Nickson CP, Rudolph JW. Social media for rapid knowledge dissemination: early experience from the COVID‐19 pandemic. Anaesthesia. 2020; 75(12): 1579–1582.



Disaster and Emergency Medicine Journal