open access

Vol 11, No 1 (2010): Practical Diabetology
Original articles (submitted)
Published online: 2010-04-21
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Nutritional habits of individuals with diabetes mellitus type 2

Dariusz Włodarek, Dominika Głąbska
Diabetologia Praktyczna 2010;11(1):17-23.

open access

Vol 11, No 1 (2010): Practical Diabetology
Original articles (submitted)
Published online: 2010-04-21

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Diet plays an important role in metabolic control of diabetes mellitus type 2. The aim of the study was to evaluate the nutritional habits of individuals with diabetes type 2 taking oral hypoglycemic drugs.
MATERIAL AND METHODS. The object of the study were 328 nutrition questionnaires (120 from men and 208 from women), got during encounter about diabetes mellitus type 2 management. The questionnaire concerned: gender, height, body mass, type of diabetes, treatment, number of meals during a day, breakfast consumption, frequency of fruits, vegetables, soft drinks, sweets, fish and diary products consumption.
RESULTS. The average age of participants was 64.2 ± 7.7 (42-83 years). Majority of people were preobese (47%) or obese (42%). Majority (80%) of participating women consumed 4 or 5 meals a day, while majority of men (70%) consumed 2–3 or 4 meals a day. Almost all individuals (95%) consumed breakfast every day. Most part of people (73%) consumed fruits every day. Vegetables were consumed once a day by 45%, and three times a day - by 27% of participants. Diary products were consumed once a day by 41% of individuals, while 48% consumed it lees often. Close to half of participants consumed fish 1–3 times a week. Majority of people consumed occasionally soft drinks (81%) and fruit juices (53%). Fourty one percent of participants consumed sweets not often than once a week.
CONCLUSIONS. Participating women with diabetes mellitus type 2, consumed more meals daily than participating men. Almost every individual consumed breakfast everyday. Majority of participants consumed not enough servings of vegetables, diary products and fish. Higher proportion of women than men, consumed fruits everyday. Not high frequency of fruit juices, soft drinks and sweets consumption was observed.
(Diabet. Prakt. 2010; 11, 1: 17-23)

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Diet plays an important role in metabolic control of diabetes mellitus type 2. The aim of the study was to evaluate the nutritional habits of individuals with diabetes type 2 taking oral hypoglycemic drugs.
MATERIAL AND METHODS. The object of the study were 328 nutrition questionnaires (120 from men and 208 from women), got during encounter about diabetes mellitus type 2 management. The questionnaire concerned: gender, height, body mass, type of diabetes, treatment, number of meals during a day, breakfast consumption, frequency of fruits, vegetables, soft drinks, sweets, fish and diary products consumption.
RESULTS. The average age of participants was 64.2 ± 7.7 (42-83 years). Majority of people were preobese (47%) or obese (42%). Majority (80%) of participating women consumed 4 or 5 meals a day, while majority of men (70%) consumed 2–3 or 4 meals a day. Almost all individuals (95%) consumed breakfast every day. Most part of people (73%) consumed fruits every day. Vegetables were consumed once a day by 45%, and three times a day - by 27% of participants. Diary products were consumed once a day by 41% of individuals, while 48% consumed it lees often. Close to half of participants consumed fish 1–3 times a week. Majority of people consumed occasionally soft drinks (81%) and fruit juices (53%). Fourty one percent of participants consumed sweets not often than once a week.
CONCLUSIONS. Participating women with diabetes mellitus type 2, consumed more meals daily than participating men. Almost every individual consumed breakfast everyday. Majority of participants consumed not enough servings of vegetables, diary products and fish. Higher proportion of women than men, consumed fruits everyday. Not high frequency of fruit juices, soft drinks and sweets consumption was observed.
(Diabet. Prakt. 2010; 11, 1: 17-23)
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Keywords

diabetes mellitus type 2; nutritional habits; body mass index

About this article
Title

Nutritional habits of individuals with diabetes mellitus type 2

Journal

Clinical Diabetology

Issue

Vol 11, No 1 (2010): Practical Diabetology

Pages

17-23

Published online

2010-04-21

Bibliographic record

Diabetologia Praktyczna 2010;11(1):17-23.

Keywords

diabetes mellitus type 2
nutritional habits
body mass index

Authors

Dariusz Włodarek
Dominika Głąbska

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