Vol 2, No 4 (2013)
Research paper
Published online: 2013-09-03

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Gender differences in adaptation to insulin therapy in type 2 diabetes

Zuzanna Kwissa-Gajewska, Aleksandra Kroemeke
Diabetologia Kliniczna 2013;2(4):115-119.


Background: This study aims to investigate if there aregender differences in cognitive, behavioral and emotional response to switching over to insulin treatmentin adults with type 2 diabetes.

Material and methods: Cognitive appraisal (questionnaire KOS), coping strategies (CHIP) and emotions (PANAS) were assessed among 278 patients (F = 148,M = 130) one month after conversion to insulin treatment.

Results: Results showed that women reported morenegative appraisal, instrumental- and emotion-oriented behaviors than did men. There’s no differences inemotions. In addition, patients generally expressed stronger perception of their health condition in termsof challenge, more emotion-oriented coping strategies and higher levels of negative emotions.

Conclusions: Gender differences play an important antrole in adjustment to insulin treatment.