Tom 18, Nr 2 (2021)
Artykuł przeglądowy
Opublikowany online: 2021-09-02
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Eksport do Mediów Społecznościowych

Eksport do Mediów Społecznościowych

Naturalne inhibitory PCSK9 — przegląd substancji o możliwym wpływie na PCSK9

Stanisław Surma12, Krzysztof J. Filipiak3
Choroby Serca i Naczyń 2021;18(2):60-76.

Streszczenie

Proproteinowa konwertaza subtilizyny/kexiny typu 9 (PCSK9) jest białkiem odkrytym w 2003 roku i pełniącym istotną rolę w metabolizmie lipoprotein. Główną funkcją PCSK9 jest regulacja liczby receptorów dla lipoprotein o niskiej gęstości (LDL) na powierzchni hepatocytów. Efektem biologicznym PSCK9 jest zmniejszenie liczby receptorów LDL na powierzchni hepatocytów, co ogranicza ich zdolność do wychwytywania lipoprotein LDL. Inhibitory PCSK9, takie jak alirokumab, ewolokumab czy inklisiran, stanowią nową, bardzo skuteczną metodę terapii hipolipemizującej. W ostatnim czasie zidentyfikowano szereg związków pochodzenia naturalnego, które charakteryzują się zdolnością do zmniejszania aktywności PCSK9. Związki te należą do alkaloidów, polifenoli, steroli, stanoli, białek występujących w warzywach oraz innych składników odżywczych i mogą znaleźć zastosowanie we wspomaganiu farmakoterapii zaburzeń lipidowych.

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