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Original paper
Published online: 2021-08-19
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Aortic knob width is associated with a nondipper blood pressure pattern

Fuldem Mutlu, Suleyman Cagan Efe, Ibrahim Kocayigit, Ahmet Oz, Turgut Karabag
DOI: 10.5603/AH.a2021.0023

open access

Ahead of print
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2021-08-19

Abstract

Background: Aortic knob width (AKW) is the measurement of the radiographic configuration composed of the foreshortened aortic arch and a part of the descending aorta. We investigated the relationship between the non-dipper pattern and AKW. Materials and methods: All patients’ office blood pressure measurements and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure readings were recorded. A blood pressure drop of less than 10% is defined as non-dipper blood pressure. The patients were grouped into Group 1; dipper pattern, (37 patients; 22F, and mean age 49.2±11.7 yrs) and Group 2; non-dipper pattern, (64 patients; 37F, and mean age 53.7±13.1 yrs). On posteroanterior chest radiography, the widest point of the aortic knob was measured along the straight imaginary line from the lateral edge of the trachea to the left lateral wall of the aortic arch. Results: AKW were significantly higher in Group 2 compared to group 1 (36.7±5.7 vs 30.7±4.5 mm, p<0.001). The mean daytime and nighttime systolic blood pressures, the mean night-time diastolic blood pressure levels, 24-hour mean blood pressure and mean pulse pressures were higher, percentage of nocturnal drops was significantly lower in Group 2 compared to Group 1. AKW was determined to be the parameter that was mostly related to the non-dipper pattern. A ROC analysis revealed that the area under the curve values for AKW values of non-dippers were 0.796 (95% CI:0.707–0.884, p< 0.001). Conclusion: AKW is significantly higher in non-dipper individuals compared to dippers. AKW values above 32.6 mm on the chest radiograph may be associated with nondipper pattern especially in hypertensive individuals. Key words: Aortic knob width, non dipper pattern, hypertension, chest radiography.

Abstract

Background: Aortic knob width (AKW) is the measurement of the radiographic configuration composed of the foreshortened aortic arch and a part of the descending aorta. We investigated the relationship between the non-dipper pattern and AKW. Materials and methods: All patients’ office blood pressure measurements and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure readings were recorded. A blood pressure drop of less than 10% is defined as non-dipper blood pressure. The patients were grouped into Group 1; dipper pattern, (37 patients; 22F, and mean age 49.2±11.7 yrs) and Group 2; non-dipper pattern, (64 patients; 37F, and mean age 53.7±13.1 yrs). On posteroanterior chest radiography, the widest point of the aortic knob was measured along the straight imaginary line from the lateral edge of the trachea to the left lateral wall of the aortic arch. Results: AKW were significantly higher in Group 2 compared to group 1 (36.7±5.7 vs 30.7±4.5 mm, p<0.001). The mean daytime and nighttime systolic blood pressures, the mean night-time diastolic blood pressure levels, 24-hour mean blood pressure and mean pulse pressures were higher, percentage of nocturnal drops was significantly lower in Group 2 compared to Group 1. AKW was determined to be the parameter that was mostly related to the non-dipper pattern. A ROC analysis revealed that the area under the curve values for AKW values of non-dippers were 0.796 (95% CI:0.707–0.884, p< 0.001). Conclusion: AKW is significantly higher in non-dipper individuals compared to dippers. AKW values above 32.6 mm on the chest radiograph may be associated with nondipper pattern especially in hypertensive individuals. Key words: Aortic knob width, non dipper pattern, hypertension, chest radiography.

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Keywords

Aortic knob width, non dipper pattern, hypertension, chest radiography.

About this article
Title

Aortic knob width is associated with a nondipper blood pressure pattern

Journal

Arterial Hypertension

Issue

Ahead of print

Article type

Original paper

Published online

2021-08-19

DOI

10.5603/AH.a2021.0023

Keywords

Aortic knob width
non dipper pattern
hypertension
chest radiography.

Authors

Fuldem Mutlu
Suleyman Cagan Efe
Ibrahim Kocayigit
Ahmet Oz
Turgut Karabag

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