open access

Vol 25, No 2 (2021)
Original paper
Published online: 2021-06-02
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Blood pressure percentiles and systemic hypertension-associated factors among children aged between 6 and 15 years in Southern Vietnam

Lam Van Nguyen, Phuoc Ngoc Truong, Le Thi Nhu Tran, Nghia Quang Bui, Khanh Truong Lieu, Gai Thi Le, Tram Thi Thu Nguyen
DOI: 10.5603/AH.a2021.0011
·
Arterial Hypertension 2021;25(2):77-81.

open access

Vol 25, No 2 (2021)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2021-06-02

Abstract

Background: The present study determined blood pressure percentiles in children aged between 6 and 15 years in Southern Vietnam.

Material and methods: Blood pressure was measured in a random sample of 1080 students aged 6–15 years who was studying at primary and secondary high schools in My Tho city, Vietnam. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2019 to June 2020. To diagnose children systemic hypertension, the blood pressure must be above the 95th percentile. Data were analyzed by IBM SPSS statistics software version 20.0. The Chi-squared test was employed to evaluate the relationship between systemic hypertension and child demographic characteristics including gender and obesity.

Results: The results showed that the 95th percentiles of systolic and diastolic blood pressure of the children was 110/70 mm Hg in the 6-year-old group, 120/75 mm Hg in the 7 to12-year-old group and 125/80 mm Hg in the 13 to 15-year-old group, respectively. The rate of systemic hypertension in the children was 10% whereas boys had a 1.2 time higher risk of systemic hypertension than girls (p > 0.05). Obese children had an 8.6 time higher risk of systemic hypertension than non-obese ones (p < 0.001).

Conclusion: The blood pressure percentile chart of school children aged 6–15 years were reported here for the first time in Vietnam. The results provided useful information in early diagnosis and timely treatment of systemic hypertension in children.

Abstract

Background: The present study determined blood pressure percentiles in children aged between 6 and 15 years in Southern Vietnam.

Material and methods: Blood pressure was measured in a random sample of 1080 students aged 6–15 years who was studying at primary and secondary high schools in My Tho city, Vietnam. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2019 to June 2020. To diagnose children systemic hypertension, the blood pressure must be above the 95th percentile. Data were analyzed by IBM SPSS statistics software version 20.0. The Chi-squared test was employed to evaluate the relationship between systemic hypertension and child demographic characteristics including gender and obesity.

Results: The results showed that the 95th percentiles of systolic and diastolic blood pressure of the children was 110/70 mm Hg in the 6-year-old group, 120/75 mm Hg in the 7 to12-year-old group and 125/80 mm Hg in the 13 to 15-year-old group, respectively. The rate of systemic hypertension in the children was 10% whereas boys had a 1.2 time higher risk of systemic hypertension than girls (p > 0.05). Obese children had an 8.6 time higher risk of systemic hypertension than non-obese ones (p < 0.001).

Conclusion: The blood pressure percentile chart of school children aged 6–15 years were reported here for the first time in Vietnam. The results provided useful information in early diagnosis and timely treatment of systemic hypertension in children.

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Keywords

blood pressure; children; hypertension; percentile chart

About this article
Title

Blood pressure percentiles and systemic hypertension-associated factors among children aged between 6 and 15 years in Southern Vietnam

Journal

Arterial Hypertension

Issue

Vol 25, No 2 (2021)

Article type

Original paper

Pages

77-81

Published online

2021-06-02

DOI

10.5603/AH.a2021.0011

Bibliographic record

Arterial Hypertension 2021;25(2):77-81.

Keywords

blood pressure
children
hypertension
percentile chart

Authors

Lam Van Nguyen
Phuoc Ngoc Truong
Le Thi Nhu Tran
Nghia Quang Bui
Khanh Truong Lieu
Gai Thi Le
Tram Thi Thu Nguyen

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