open access

Vol 18, No 4 (2014)
REVIEV
Published online: 2015-03-25
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Management of hypertension in selected acute conditions associated with an increased activation of the sympathetic nervous system

Marta Sołtysiak, Agnieszka Janowska, Paweł Sołtysiak, Krystyna Widecka
Nadciśnienie tętnicze 2014;18(4):243-247.

open access

Vol 18, No 4 (2014)
REVIEV
Published online: 2015-03-25

Abstract

The autonomic nervous system plays a key role in cardiovascular homeostasis by affecting the peripheral vascular resistance, cardiac output, renal function. Dysfunction in the autonomic nervous system, manifested by chronic increased sympathetic activation, plays an important role in the pathogenesis of hypertension and target organ damage. Sudden conditions of enhancement sympathetic activity, running with an immediate increase in arterial pressure, may pose a direct threat to life. The present work provides guidelines for the management of hypertension in some selected cases associated with an increased activity of the sympathetic — pheochromocytoma, sudden clonidine withdrawal, drug addiction, perioperative stress.

Abstract

The autonomic nervous system plays a key role in cardiovascular homeostasis by affecting the peripheral vascular resistance, cardiac output, renal function. Dysfunction in the autonomic nervous system, manifested by chronic increased sympathetic activation, plays an important role in the pathogenesis of hypertension and target organ damage. Sudden conditions of enhancement sympathetic activity, running with an immediate increase in arterial pressure, may pose a direct threat to life. The present work provides guidelines for the management of hypertension in some selected cases associated with an increased activity of the sympathetic — pheochromocytoma, sudden clonidine withdrawal, drug addiction, perioperative stress.

Get Citation

Keywords

hypertension, sympathetic activity, pheochromocytoma, clonidine withdrawal, perioperative hypertension

About this article
Title

Management of hypertension in selected acute conditions associated with an increased activation of the sympathetic nervous system

Journal

Arterial Hypertension

Issue

Vol 18, No 4 (2014)

Pages

243-247

Published online

2015-03-25

Bibliographic record

Nadciśnienie tętnicze 2014;18(4):243-247.

Keywords

hypertension
sympathetic activity
pheochromocytoma
clonidine withdrawal
perioperative hypertension

Authors

Marta Sołtysiak
Agnieszka Janowska
Paweł Sołtysiak
Krystyna Widecka

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