open access

Vol 17, No 5 (2013)
REVIEV
Published online: 2014-01-27
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Selected food products that may cause increase of blood pressure

Magdalena Bartmańska, Marcin Adamczak, Andrzej Więcek
Nadciśnienie tętnicze 2013;17(5):384-392.

open access

Vol 17, No 5 (2013)
REVIEV
Published online: 2014-01-27

Abstract

In this paper a food products with potential hypertensinogenic properties are discussed. Experimental and clinical studies have demonstrated that intake a high salt diet increases plasma sodium concentration, which may lead to increase of blood pressure. This effect is due to adverse effects of sodium on the physical properties and function of vascular endothelium cells. Another group of foods with potential hypertensinogenic properties are energy drinks, which contain among others caffeine, taurine, inositol and a large amount of sugar. Clinical studies have shown that the consumption of large amounts of energy drinks increases blood pressure. Food products containing licorice root extract have hypertensinogenic properties. There is glycyrrhizinic acid in the licorice. Metabolite of this acid — glycyrrhetinic acid — acts similarly to mineralocorticoids. Therefore, ingestion of foods containing licorice raise blood pressure. Avoiding even incidental consumption of products with hypertensinogenic properties discussed in this paper, should be one of the recommendations of non-pharmacological treatment of hypertension.

Abstract

In this paper a food products with potential hypertensinogenic properties are discussed. Experimental and clinical studies have demonstrated that intake a high salt diet increases plasma sodium concentration, which may lead to increase of blood pressure. This effect is due to adverse effects of sodium on the physical properties and function of vascular endothelium cells. Another group of foods with potential hypertensinogenic properties are energy drinks, which contain among others caffeine, taurine, inositol and a large amount of sugar. Clinical studies have shown that the consumption of large amounts of energy drinks increases blood pressure. Food products containing licorice root extract have hypertensinogenic properties. There is glycyrrhizinic acid in the licorice. Metabolite of this acid — glycyrrhetinic acid — acts similarly to mineralocorticoids. Therefore, ingestion of foods containing licorice raise blood pressure. Avoiding even incidental consumption of products with hypertensinogenic properties discussed in this paper, should be one of the recommendations of non-pharmacological treatment of hypertension.
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Keywords

blood pressure, high dietary salt, energy drinks, licorice

About this article
Title

Selected food products that may cause increase of blood pressure

Journal

Arterial Hypertension

Issue

Vol 17, No 5 (2013)

Pages

384-392

Published online

2014-01-27

Bibliographic record

Nadciśnienie tętnicze 2013;17(5):384-392.

Keywords

blood pressure
high dietary salt
energy drinks
licorice

Authors

Magdalena Bartmańska
Marcin Adamczak
Andrzej Więcek

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