Vol 1, No 3 (1997)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2000-03-08
Get Citation

Influence of patient education on knowledge about disease and hypertension control

Lucyna Płaszewska-Żywko, Tomasz Grodzicki, Agata Adamkiewicz-Piejko, Józef Kocemba
Nadciśnienie tętnicze 1997;1(3):101-105.
Vol 1, No 3 (1997)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2000-03-08

Abstract


Background Education of hypertensive patients on consequences of hypertension (HTN) and benefits of antihypertensive therapy has been reported to be an important factor in the management of HTN. We developed, therefore, a planned patient's education program and evaluated its effectiveness. The aim of the study was to analyse the influence of educational intervention on patients' knowledge and the control of HTN.
Methods The group of 42 outpatient hypertensives (mean age 62.2 years) was included into the study. Initial assessment was based on patients interview including test of knowledge about HTN; blood pressure (BP) and weight measurements, and review of patients' medical record to obtain data about the antihypertenlive medications. Subsequently, the programme consisting of three 1,5-2 hour small group sessions with a one week interval in between was implemented. The content of the programme covered information about reasons, risks factors for HTN, consequences of HTN, pharmacologicall treatment and life-style. Finally, the follow-up assessment was performed after 3 months by means of the methods used during the initial assessment.
Results The findings from 22 patients who completed all sessions and took part in the follow-up assessment indicated significant improvement in knowledge about HTN (totall score in the knowledge test: 19.6 vs 23.45; p < 0.01), and decrease of BP (159.4/90.95 mmHg before vs 153.2/90.0 mmHg after education) with additional decrease in number of antihypertensive medicines (mean 2.32 vs 1,91 /per person). There was an increase in 21 patients' knowledge about HTN. Despite the decrease in antihypertensive medications in 6 patients (27.3%) the percentage of patients with systolic BP below 160 mmHg increased from 59.1% to 77.7%.
Conclusions The planned educational program for hypertensive patients has been successful in significantly improving knowledge about hypertension and health related behaviours in majority of the hypertensives. Furthermore, it led to decrease of BP, better weight control and reduction in medication needs in some cases.

Abstract


Background Education of hypertensive patients on consequences of hypertension (HTN) and benefits of antihypertensive therapy has been reported to be an important factor in the management of HTN. We developed, therefore, a planned patient's education program and evaluated its effectiveness. The aim of the study was to analyse the influence of educational intervention on patients' knowledge and the control of HTN.
Methods The group of 42 outpatient hypertensives (mean age 62.2 years) was included into the study. Initial assessment was based on patients interview including test of knowledge about HTN; blood pressure (BP) and weight measurements, and review of patients' medical record to obtain data about the antihypertenlive medications. Subsequently, the programme consisting of three 1,5-2 hour small group sessions with a one week interval in between was implemented. The content of the programme covered information about reasons, risks factors for HTN, consequences of HTN, pharmacologicall treatment and life-style. Finally, the follow-up assessment was performed after 3 months by means of the methods used during the initial assessment.
Results The findings from 22 patients who completed all sessions and took part in the follow-up assessment indicated significant improvement in knowledge about HTN (totall score in the knowledge test: 19.6 vs 23.45; p < 0.01), and decrease of BP (159.4/90.95 mmHg before vs 153.2/90.0 mmHg after education) with additional decrease in number of antihypertensive medicines (mean 2.32 vs 1,91 /per person). There was an increase in 21 patients' knowledge about HTN. Despite the decrease in antihypertensive medications in 6 patients (27.3%) the percentage of patients with systolic BP below 160 mmHg increased from 59.1% to 77.7%.
Conclusions The planned educational program for hypertensive patients has been successful in significantly improving knowledge about hypertension and health related behaviours in majority of the hypertensives. Furthermore, it led to decrease of BP, better weight control and reduction in medication needs in some cases.
Get Citation

Keywords

patient education; knowledge about hypertension; hypertension control

About this article
Title

Influence of patient education on knowledge about disease and hypertension control

Journal

Arterial Hypertension

Issue

Vol 1, No 3 (1997)

Pages

101-105

Published online

2000-03-08

Bibliographic record

Nadciśnienie tętnicze 1997;1(3):101-105.

Keywords

patient education
knowledge about hypertension
hypertension control

Authors

Lucyna Płaszewska-Żywko
Tomasz Grodzicki
Agata Adamkiewicz-Piejko
Józef Kocemba

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail: viamedica@viamedica.pl