Vol 3, No 2 (1999)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2000-03-08
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Relationship between Body Mass, Fat Weight, Serum Lipid Levels and Aortic Compliance in Elderly Hypertensive Patients

Aleksandra Rutz-Danielczak, Paweł Łopatka, Andrzej Tykarski, Jerzy Głuszek 7
Nadciśnienie tętnicze 1999;3(2):78-83.
Vol 3, No 2 (1999)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2000-03-08

Abstract


Background Increased aortic stiffness is one of the factors in the pathogenesis of arterial hypertension. Effect of obesity coexisting with arterial hypertension on arterial compliance remains unclear.
Methods The study was performed in 42 patients with essential hypertension aged over 65 years. Body mass index, fat weight, lean body mass, serum cholesterol and triglycerydes as well as pulse wave velocity were measured. Patients were divided on subgroups according to BMI: normal weight, overweight and obese.
Results Pulse wave velocity was significantly increased in obese hypertensives in comparison with two other subgroups whereas this parameter did not differ significantly between overweight and patients with normal mass. Significant positive correlation was found between pulse wave velocity and body mass index as well as fat weight. No relationship was found between pulse wave velocity and lean body mass, serum cholesterol and triglycerydes.
Conclusions Results of this study suggest that obesity ai fects aortic compliance in patients with essential hypertension. This effect is shown only in elederly patients and is dependent upon fat weight but not lean body mass. Serum lipids level has no elect on elastic properties of aorta in elderly hypertensive patients.

Abstract


Background Increased aortic stiffness is one of the factors in the pathogenesis of arterial hypertension. Effect of obesity coexisting with arterial hypertension on arterial compliance remains unclear.
Methods The study was performed in 42 patients with essential hypertension aged over 65 years. Body mass index, fat weight, lean body mass, serum cholesterol and triglycerydes as well as pulse wave velocity were measured. Patients were divided on subgroups according to BMI: normal weight, overweight and obese.
Results Pulse wave velocity was significantly increased in obese hypertensives in comparison with two other subgroups whereas this parameter did not differ significantly between overweight and patients with normal mass. Significant positive correlation was found between pulse wave velocity and body mass index as well as fat weight. No relationship was found between pulse wave velocity and lean body mass, serum cholesterol and triglycerydes.
Conclusions Results of this study suggest that obesity ai fects aortic compliance in patients with essential hypertension. This effect is shown only in elederly patients and is dependent upon fat weight but not lean body mass. Serum lipids level has no elect on elastic properties of aorta in elderly hypertensive patients.
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Keywords

hypertension; obesity; elderly patients; aortic compliance

About this article
Title

Relationship between Body Mass, Fat Weight, Serum Lipid Levels and Aortic Compliance in Elderly Hypertensive Patients

Journal

Arterial Hypertension

Issue

Vol 3, No 2 (1999)

Pages

78-83

Published online

2000-03-08

Bibliographic record

Nadciśnienie tętnicze 1999;3(2):78-83.

Keywords

hypertension
obesity
elderly patients
aortic compliance

Authors

Aleksandra Rutz-Danielczak
Paweł Łopatka
Andrzej Tykarski
Jerzy Głuszek 7

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