open access

Vol 10, No 2 (2006)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2006-04-18
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Prevalence, risk factors and treatment of arterial hypertension in dwellers of Boguszyce village

Andrzej Szuba, Rafał Poręba, Vladislav Mlynek, Radosław Gutherc, Małgorzata Nowak, Tomasz Brzozowski, Paweł Gać, Emilia Kolman, Julia Seniuta, Monika Łukasik, Łukasz Cedzyński, Dariusz Szarek, Wiktor Urbański, Karolina Związek, Agnieszka Sokół, Wojciech Kucharski, Ryszard Andrzejak
Nadciśnienie tętnicze 2006;10(2):121-127.

open access

Vol 10, No 2 (2006)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2006-04-18

Abstract

Background Arterial hypertension is the most common cardiovascular risk factor especially in village dwellers. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of arterial hypertension in dwellers of the village of Boguszyce in Oleśnica district in Lower Silesia.
Material and methods The study group consisted of dwellers of the village of Boguszyce. Examinations were carried out by the trained medical students and physicians visiting village dwellers at their homes. They determined the body mass, height, and measured blood pressure two times based on the Korotkov method. A custom questionnaire was carried out to determine medical history and coexisting risk factors.
Results Examinations were carried out in 409 persons (50% of adult village population). The remaining half of village population was not examined due to following reasons: absence at home (3 separate visits), lack of consent. The studied group consisted of 40.83% men and - 59.17% women. Arterial hypertension was diagnosed in 51% of studied population; 53% of this group was not diagnosed earlier with AH. Mean BMI in the study group was 27.25 and was significantly higher in adults with hypertension (30.5 vs. 24; p < 0.001). 68% of adults treated for hypertension took prescribed medications but only 18.5% were treated succesfully. Main presribed antihypertensives were betablockers, ACEI and diuretics. In spite of frequent use of diuretices potassium substitution was rare.
Conclusions Arterial hypertension is more common in village dwellers than in general polish population. There is significant discrepancy between perception of treatment results and objective hypertension control. The noncompliance to physicians’ recommendations, the life style and eating habits of the dwellers of Boguszyce, resulting in low physical activity and high percentage of overweight are the chief reasons for high prevalence and low effectiveness of the treatment of hypertension.

Abstract

Background Arterial hypertension is the most common cardiovascular risk factor especially in village dwellers. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of arterial hypertension in dwellers of the village of Boguszyce in Oleśnica district in Lower Silesia.
Material and methods The study group consisted of dwellers of the village of Boguszyce. Examinations were carried out by the trained medical students and physicians visiting village dwellers at their homes. They determined the body mass, height, and measured blood pressure two times based on the Korotkov method. A custom questionnaire was carried out to determine medical history and coexisting risk factors.
Results Examinations were carried out in 409 persons (50% of adult village population). The remaining half of village population was not examined due to following reasons: absence at home (3 separate visits), lack of consent. The studied group consisted of 40.83% men and - 59.17% women. Arterial hypertension was diagnosed in 51% of studied population; 53% of this group was not diagnosed earlier with AH. Mean BMI in the study group was 27.25 and was significantly higher in adults with hypertension (30.5 vs. 24; p < 0.001). 68% of adults treated for hypertension took prescribed medications but only 18.5% were treated succesfully. Main presribed antihypertensives were betablockers, ACEI and diuretics. In spite of frequent use of diuretices potassium substitution was rare.
Conclusions Arterial hypertension is more common in village dwellers than in general polish population. There is significant discrepancy between perception of treatment results and objective hypertension control. The noncompliance to physicians’ recommendations, the life style and eating habits of the dwellers of Boguszyce, resulting in low physical activity and high percentage of overweight are the chief reasons for high prevalence and low effectiveness of the treatment of hypertension.
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Keywords

arterial hypertension; risk factors; village population

About this article
Title

Prevalence, risk factors and treatment of arterial hypertension in dwellers of Boguszyce village

Journal

Arterial Hypertension

Issue

Vol 10, No 2 (2006)

Pages

121-127

Published online

2006-04-18

Bibliographic record

Nadciśnienie tętnicze 2006;10(2):121-127.

Keywords

arterial hypertension
risk factors
village population

Authors

Andrzej Szuba
Rafał Poręba
Vladislav Mlynek
Radosław Gutherc
Małgorzata Nowak
Tomasz Brzozowski
Paweł Gać
Emilia Kolman
Julia Seniuta
Monika Łukasik
Łukasz Cedzyński
Dariusz Szarek
Wiktor Urbański
Karolina Związek
Agnieszka Sokół
Wojciech Kucharski
Ryszard Andrzejak

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