open access

Vol 12, No 2 (2008)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2008-04-03
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The influence of many years’ sport training on myocardial structure and function in veteran sportsmen in comparison to the effects of long-lasting arterial hypertension - echocardiographic evaluation

Beata Krasińska, Jacek Zieliński, Zbigniew Krasiński, Krzysztof Kusy, Andrzej Tykarski
Nadciśnienie tętnicze 2008;12(2):87-93.

open access

Vol 12, No 2 (2008)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2008-04-03

Abstract


Background The changes in myocardium connected with sport training refer particularly to its structure and they are the consequence of physical training. The aim of our study was to compare echocardiographic findings in veteran sportsmen (n = 90), persons with longlasting arterial hypertension, that never practiced sport activity (n = 60) and control group (n = 35).
Material and methods All study participants underwent physical examination, arterial hypertension measurement and echocardiography with cardiac cavities, wall thickness, LVM, EF and diastolic function estimation.
Results LVDd was significantly different in all groups; the highest values belonged to the hypertension group. There were no significant changes between sportsmen and control group in IVS thickness and PW thickness. The highest values of IVS and PW thickness corresponded to the hypertension group. Remaining parameters (LA, Ao, LVM and LVMI) reached the highest values in hypertension group and the difference was statistically significant between all study groups.
Conclusions The highest heart cavities parameters were observed in hypertension group. The only one exception was RVDd in sportsmen group. In spite of many years physical training the changes in myocardium in sportsmen are less advanced in comparison with hypertensive patients.

Abstract


Background The changes in myocardium connected with sport training refer particularly to its structure and they are the consequence of physical training. The aim of our study was to compare echocardiographic findings in veteran sportsmen (n = 90), persons with longlasting arterial hypertension, that never practiced sport activity (n = 60) and control group (n = 35).
Material and methods All study participants underwent physical examination, arterial hypertension measurement and echocardiography with cardiac cavities, wall thickness, LVM, EF and diastolic function estimation.
Results LVDd was significantly different in all groups; the highest values belonged to the hypertension group. There were no significant changes between sportsmen and control group in IVS thickness and PW thickness. The highest values of IVS and PW thickness corresponded to the hypertension group. Remaining parameters (LA, Ao, LVM and LVMI) reached the highest values in hypertension group and the difference was statistically significant between all study groups.
Conclusions The highest heart cavities parameters were observed in hypertension group. The only one exception was RVDd in sportsmen group. In spite of many years physical training the changes in myocardium in sportsmen are less advanced in comparison with hypertensive patients.
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Keywords

physical training; systolic and diastolic left ventricle function; estimation of diastolic function; arterial hypertension

About this article
Title

The influence of many years’ sport training on myocardial structure and function in veteran sportsmen in comparison to the effects of long-lasting arterial hypertension - echocardiographic evaluation

Journal

Arterial Hypertension

Issue

Vol 12, No 2 (2008)

Pages

87-93

Published online

2008-04-03

Bibliographic record

Nadciśnienie tętnicze 2008;12(2):87-93.

Keywords

physical training
systolic and diastolic left ventricle function
estimation of diastolic function
arterial hypertension

Authors

Beata Krasińska
Jacek Zieliński
Zbigniew Krasiński
Krzysztof Kusy
Andrzej Tykarski

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