open access

Vol 13, No 1 (2009)
Prace studenckich kół naukowych
Published online: 2008-12-12
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Physical activity as a cardiovascular risk reducing factor in a population examined in a prophylactic campaign „Ladies in red”

Katarzyna Małaczyńska-Rajpold, Lucyna Woźnicka, Angelika Kuczmarska, Julita Janura, Iwona Lipska
Nadciśnienie tętnicze 2009;13(1):42-47.

open access

Vol 13, No 1 (2009)
Prace studenckich kół naukowych
Published online: 2008-12-12

Abstract

Background Assessment of the physical activity as a non-pharmacological cardiovascular risk reducing factor, during a prophylactic campaign „Ladies in Red”.
Material and methods 337 patients (201 women and 136 men), aged 18 to 87 were examined during prophylactic campaign „Ladies in red”. Patients were divided into two groups: (A) physically active (1h walking, swimming, cycling or aerobics at least once a week) - 186 patients and (B) physically inactive - 151 patients. Both groups were not significantly different in age [(A) 46 ± 17 yrs; (B) 45 ± 15 yrs; p = 0.5719] and in the level of systolic (SBP) [(A) 139 ± 21 mm Hg; (B) 136 ± 22 mm Hg; p = 0.2083)] as well as diastolic (DBP) [(A) 84 ± 12 mm Hg; (B) 83 ± 12 mm Hg; p = 0.4668)] blood pressure. Following measurements were taken during the campaign: blood pressure, weight, height, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, adipose tissue content (ATC). Also the history of chest pain episodes was taken. The unpaired t-test, Welch’s corrected t-test, Chi-square test with Yate’s correction were used for the statistical analysis, linear (Pearson) correlation coefficient and determination coefficient were taken to analyze correlation and determination of statistically significant values.
Results We revealed statistically significant difference in the adipose tissue content between the two analyzed groups [(A) 28.1 ± 7.6%; (B) 30.8 ± 7,0%; p = 0.0009]. Besides positive correlation between waist circumference and adipose tissue content was observed (r = 0,1919; p = 0.0004). We also revealed statistically significant correlation between physical activity and the incidences of the chest pain [(A) 65 patients; (B) 79 patients; p = 0.002). Moreover statistically significant correlation between BMI value and the systolic (r = 0.2879; p < 0.0001) and diastolic (r = 0.3522; p < 0.0001) blood pressure and also between the ATC and the systolic (r = 0.1187; p = 0.0279) and diastolic (r = 0.1288; p = 0.017) blood pressure were observed.
Conclusions Physical activity has a significant influence on the adipose tissue content. Physically active patients had fewer episodes of chest pain than those, who were physically inactive. Patients who were thinner (lower BMI and ATC) had also lower values of SBP and DBP. Physical activity reduces ATC and chest pain episodes, what influences also the level of SBP and DBP. In this way physical activity can be interpreted as a cardiovascular risk reducing factor and an essential element of a healthy lifestyle.

Abstract

Background Assessment of the physical activity as a non-pharmacological cardiovascular risk reducing factor, during a prophylactic campaign „Ladies in Red”.
Material and methods 337 patients (201 women and 136 men), aged 18 to 87 were examined during prophylactic campaign „Ladies in red”. Patients were divided into two groups: (A) physically active (1h walking, swimming, cycling or aerobics at least once a week) - 186 patients and (B) physically inactive - 151 patients. Both groups were not significantly different in age [(A) 46 ± 17 yrs; (B) 45 ± 15 yrs; p = 0.5719] and in the level of systolic (SBP) [(A) 139 ± 21 mm Hg; (B) 136 ± 22 mm Hg; p = 0.2083)] as well as diastolic (DBP) [(A) 84 ± 12 mm Hg; (B) 83 ± 12 mm Hg; p = 0.4668)] blood pressure. Following measurements were taken during the campaign: blood pressure, weight, height, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, adipose tissue content (ATC). Also the history of chest pain episodes was taken. The unpaired t-test, Welch’s corrected t-test, Chi-square test with Yate’s correction were used for the statistical analysis, linear (Pearson) correlation coefficient and determination coefficient were taken to analyze correlation and determination of statistically significant values.
Results We revealed statistically significant difference in the adipose tissue content between the two analyzed groups [(A) 28.1 ± 7.6%; (B) 30.8 ± 7,0%; p = 0.0009]. Besides positive correlation between waist circumference and adipose tissue content was observed (r = 0,1919; p = 0.0004). We also revealed statistically significant correlation between physical activity and the incidences of the chest pain [(A) 65 patients; (B) 79 patients; p = 0.002). Moreover statistically significant correlation between BMI value and the systolic (r = 0.2879; p < 0.0001) and diastolic (r = 0.3522; p < 0.0001) blood pressure and also between the ATC and the systolic (r = 0.1187; p = 0.0279) and diastolic (r = 0.1288; p = 0.017) blood pressure were observed.
Conclusions Physical activity has a significant influence on the adipose tissue content. Physically active patients had fewer episodes of chest pain than those, who were physically inactive. Patients who were thinner (lower BMI and ATC) had also lower values of SBP and DBP. Physical activity reduces ATC and chest pain episodes, what influences also the level of SBP and DBP. In this way physical activity can be interpreted as a cardiovascular risk reducing factor and an essential element of a healthy lifestyle.
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Keywords

physical activity; blood pressure; BMI; adipose tissue content; prophylactic campaign „Ladies in red”

About this article
Title

Physical activity as a cardiovascular risk reducing factor in a population examined in a prophylactic campaign „Ladies in red”

Journal

Arterial Hypertension

Issue

Vol 13, No 1 (2009)

Pages

42-47

Published online

2008-12-12

Bibliographic record

Nadciśnienie tętnicze 2009;13(1):42-47.

Keywords

physical activity
blood pressure
BMI
adipose tissue content
prophylactic campaign „Ladies in red”

Authors

Katarzyna Małaczyńska-Rajpold
Lucyna Woźnicka
Angelika Kuczmarska
Julita Janura
Iwona Lipska

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