open access

Vol 14, No 3 (2010)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2010-08-05
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Hypertension awareness and tobacco smoking among Polish, adult citizens

Łukasz Balwicki, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Piotr Bandosz, Łukasz Wierucki, Bogdan Wyrzykowski
Nadciśnienie tętnicze 2010;14(3):196-200.

open access

Vol 14, No 3 (2010)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2010-08-05

Abstract

Background Arterial hypertension (HT) is one the most frequent cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor. When the doctor recognizes hypertension he should search for and treat not only HT but also the other risk factors, especially cigarette smoking.
Material and methods In 2002 year, we conducted national, cross sectional epidemiological survey NATPOL PLUS aimed to assess prevalence and control of main risk factors in Poland. In the representative sample of 3051 adults (age 18-94, 1664 F, 1387 M) we performed questionnaires, blood pressure and antropometric measurements, as well as laboratory tests.
Results Analyses were done in a group of 809 patients with HT. HT diagnosis was based on three separate series of measurements. Correlation between HT awareness and cigarette smoking was found. In smokers (n = 218) only 53.5% of subjects were aware of HT. In nonsmokers (n = 422) this proportion was equal to 65.0%. Among patients aware of HT (n = 495, 61.2% of all subjects with HT) there were 23.6% of smokers, 55.4% of nonsmokers, and 21.0% of ex-smokers. Among patients unaware of HT (n = 314) corresponding figures were: 32.3%, 47.1%, 20.6% (p < 0.05). We also asked all patients with HT the question about their knowledge on methods to prevent CVD. Smoking cessation was mentioned by 45.8% of smokers and 32.2% of ex-smokers (p < 0.001). Only 12.1% of smokers and 18.8% of ex-smokers with HT declared giving up smoking as a method they used to prevent heart disease (p = 0.086). Seventy seven percent of patients (n = 515) with diagnosed HT admitted that they obtained antitobacco counseling from their doctors.
Conclusion Prevalence of cigarette smoking in patients with HT that are aware of the disease was only slightly smaller in comparison with subjects unaware of HT. In process of medical treatment of HT the doctors should pay much more attention to diagnose and treat other CVD risk factors, especially cigarette smoking.
Arterial Hypertension 2010, vol. 14, no 3, pages 196-200

Abstract

Background Arterial hypertension (HT) is one the most frequent cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor. When the doctor recognizes hypertension he should search for and treat not only HT but also the other risk factors, especially cigarette smoking.
Material and methods In 2002 year, we conducted national, cross sectional epidemiological survey NATPOL PLUS aimed to assess prevalence and control of main risk factors in Poland. In the representative sample of 3051 adults (age 18-94, 1664 F, 1387 M) we performed questionnaires, blood pressure and antropometric measurements, as well as laboratory tests.
Results Analyses were done in a group of 809 patients with HT. HT diagnosis was based on three separate series of measurements. Correlation between HT awareness and cigarette smoking was found. In smokers (n = 218) only 53.5% of subjects were aware of HT. In nonsmokers (n = 422) this proportion was equal to 65.0%. Among patients aware of HT (n = 495, 61.2% of all subjects with HT) there were 23.6% of smokers, 55.4% of nonsmokers, and 21.0% of ex-smokers. Among patients unaware of HT (n = 314) corresponding figures were: 32.3%, 47.1%, 20.6% (p < 0.05). We also asked all patients with HT the question about their knowledge on methods to prevent CVD. Smoking cessation was mentioned by 45.8% of smokers and 32.2% of ex-smokers (p < 0.001). Only 12.1% of smokers and 18.8% of ex-smokers with HT declared giving up smoking as a method they used to prevent heart disease (p = 0.086). Seventy seven percent of patients (n = 515) with diagnosed HT admitted that they obtained antitobacco counseling from their doctors.
Conclusion Prevalence of cigarette smoking in patients with HT that are aware of the disease was only slightly smaller in comparison with subjects unaware of HT. In process of medical treatment of HT the doctors should pay much more attention to diagnose and treat other CVD risk factors, especially cigarette smoking.
Arterial Hypertension 2010, vol. 14, no 3, pages 196-200
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Keywords

hypertension; smoking; awareness

About this article
Title

Hypertension awareness and tobacco smoking among Polish, adult citizens

Journal

Arterial Hypertension

Issue

Vol 14, No 3 (2010)

Pages

196-200

Published online

2010-08-05

Bibliographic record

Nadciśnienie tętnicze 2010;14(3):196-200.

Keywords

hypertension
smoking
awareness

Authors

Łukasz Balwicki
Tomasz Zdrojewski
Piotr Bandosz
Łukasz Wierucki
Bogdan Wyrzykowski

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