open access

Vol 14, No 3 (2010)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2010-08-05
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Hypertension awareness and tobacco smoking among Polish, adult citizens

Joanna Dziwura, Beata Pełka-Lalik, Katarzyna Iskierska, Artur Reginia, Krystyna Widecka
Nadciśnienie tętnicze 2010;14(3):189-195.

open access

Vol 14, No 3 (2010)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2010-08-05

Abstract


Background The aim of the study was to evaluate biochemical disorders and parameters of blood pressure from ABPM in population of hypertensive pre- and postmenopausal women.
Materials and methods Sixty four women with primary hypertension aged between 45 and 55 were included into the study; 23 of these women were in premenopausal period (the average age of 47.35 ± 2.69) and 41 of them in postmenopausal period(the average age of 52.02 ± 3.32). Glucose level, electrolytes level, total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, triglycerides level, serum creatinine level, TSH, FSH, aldosterone level and plasma renin activity were estimated from the blood of patients. Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure (MAP), pulse pressure and dip were measured with ABPM. Dippers was defined when MAP dip was at least 10%, and non-dippers if less than 10%.
Results There were no significant differences in body mass, BMI and biochemical parameters between premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Moreover, patients in both groups had similar blood pressure measured with sphygmomanometer and with ABPM. Non-dippers were more frequent in the group of postmenopausal women. There were also no differences in the frequency of diabetes mellitus type II and the number of smokers between preand postmenopausal women.
Conclusions Non-dippers blood profile was more frequent in women in postmenopausal period which can cause higher cardiovascular risk in this group of patients.
Arterial Hypertension 2010, vol. 14, no 3, pages 189-195

Abstract


Background The aim of the study was to evaluate biochemical disorders and parameters of blood pressure from ABPM in population of hypertensive pre- and postmenopausal women.
Materials and methods Sixty four women with primary hypertension aged between 45 and 55 were included into the study; 23 of these women were in premenopausal period (the average age of 47.35 ± 2.69) and 41 of them in postmenopausal period(the average age of 52.02 ± 3.32). Glucose level, electrolytes level, total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, triglycerides level, serum creatinine level, TSH, FSH, aldosterone level and plasma renin activity were estimated from the blood of patients. Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure (MAP), pulse pressure and dip were measured with ABPM. Dippers was defined when MAP dip was at least 10%, and non-dippers if less than 10%.
Results There were no significant differences in body mass, BMI and biochemical parameters between premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Moreover, patients in both groups had similar blood pressure measured with sphygmomanometer and with ABPM. Non-dippers were more frequent in the group of postmenopausal women. There were also no differences in the frequency of diabetes mellitus type II and the number of smokers between preand postmenopausal women.
Conclusions Non-dippers blood profile was more frequent in women in postmenopausal period which can cause higher cardiovascular risk in this group of patients.
Arterial Hypertension 2010, vol. 14, no 3, pages 189-195
Get Citation

Keywords

hypertension; menopause; cardiovascular risk factors; non-dippers

About this article
Title

Hypertension awareness and tobacco smoking among Polish, adult citizens

Journal

Arterial Hypertension

Issue

Vol 14, No 3 (2010)

Pages

189-195

Published online

2010-08-05

Bibliographic record

Nadciśnienie tętnicze 2010;14(3):189-195.

Keywords

hypertension
menopause
cardiovascular risk factors
non-dippers

Authors

Joanna Dziwura
Beata Pełka-Lalik
Katarzyna Iskierska
Artur Reginia
Krystyna Widecka

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