open access

Vol 14, No 4 (2010)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2010-10-14
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Influence of basic demographic and anthropometric characteristics on peripheral and central blood pressure parameters

Janusz Krzysztoń, Adam Windak, Marcin Cwynar, Tomasz Grodzicki
Nadciśnienie tętnicze 2010;14(4):253-260.

open access

Vol 14, No 4 (2010)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2010-10-14

Abstract


Background Central blood pressure parameters and corresponding peripheral blood pressure parameters are not equal and their relationship changes with aging. This explain why there is a gradual shift from diastolic blood pressure in young subjects to systolic blood pressure and then to pulse pressure in elderly, as strongest predictor of CHD risk. Aim of this study was to observe how components of peripheral and central blood pressure depends on age, height, weight and body mass index (BMI).
Material and methods We examined 319 patients between 19-80 years of age who attended family medicine office. Peripheral blood pressure was taken with OMRON M6 and central blood pressure was determined noninvasively with SphygmoCor device.
Results Pulse pressure amplification (PPA) calculated as a ratio peripheral pulse pressure/central pulse pressure was 2.0 in young subjects to 1.09 in elderly. Differences in pulse pressure amplification between women and men are consequences of differences in height. There is no relation between PPA and BMI.
Conclusions Higher gradient of central to peripheral pulse pressure found in young subjects gradually decreases with aging. Therefore, brachial artery cuff measurements in the elderly more accurate reflect central systolic pressure and central pulse pressure which stronger than corresponding peripheral blood pressure parameters correlate with cardiovascular events.
Arterial Hypertension 2010, vol. 14, no 4, pages 253-260.

Abstract


Background Central blood pressure parameters and corresponding peripheral blood pressure parameters are not equal and their relationship changes with aging. This explain why there is a gradual shift from diastolic blood pressure in young subjects to systolic blood pressure and then to pulse pressure in elderly, as strongest predictor of CHD risk. Aim of this study was to observe how components of peripheral and central blood pressure depends on age, height, weight and body mass index (BMI).
Material and methods We examined 319 patients between 19-80 years of age who attended family medicine office. Peripheral blood pressure was taken with OMRON M6 and central blood pressure was determined noninvasively with SphygmoCor device.
Results Pulse pressure amplification (PPA) calculated as a ratio peripheral pulse pressure/central pulse pressure was 2.0 in young subjects to 1.09 in elderly. Differences in pulse pressure amplification between women and men are consequences of differences in height. There is no relation between PPA and BMI.
Conclusions Higher gradient of central to peripheral pulse pressure found in young subjects gradually decreases with aging. Therefore, brachial artery cuff measurements in the elderly more accurate reflect central systolic pressure and central pulse pressure which stronger than corresponding peripheral blood pressure parameters correlate with cardiovascular events.
Arterial Hypertension 2010, vol. 14, no 4, pages 253-260.
Get Citation

Keywords

blood pressure; pulse wave; pulse pressure amplification

About this article
Title

Influence of basic demographic and anthropometric characteristics on peripheral and central blood pressure parameters

Journal

Arterial Hypertension

Issue

Vol 14, No 4 (2010)

Pages

253-260

Published online

2010-10-14

Bibliographic record

Nadciśnienie tętnicze 2010;14(4):253-260.

Keywords

blood pressure
pulse wave
pulse pressure amplification

Authors

Janusz Krzysztoń
Adam Windak
Marcin Cwynar
Tomasz Grodzicki

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