Vol 26, No 5 (2021)
Case report
Published online: 2021-08-11

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Radiation-induced breast angiosarcoma: report of two patients after accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) and review of the literature

Salvatore Cozzi1, Masoumeh Najafi2, Lilia Bardoscia1, Maria Paola Ruggieri1, Lucia Giaccherini1, Gladys Blandino1, Andrea Botti3, Patrizia Ciammella1, Cinzia Iotti1
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2021;26(5):827-831.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Angiosarcoma may rarely complicate radiotherapy of breast cancer. This so-called radiation-induced angiosarcoma (RIAS) occurs in less than 0.3% of patients that underwent breast conservation surgeries, usually years after completion of radiotherapy.

CASE PRESENTATION: we introduce two cases of invasive ductal carcinoma who underwent lumpectomy and accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) as an alternative protocol to whole breast irradiation (WBI). They received adjuvant partial breast radiotherapy on tumor cavity for a total dose of 38.5 Gy in 10 fractions in 5 days using 3D-external-beam RT. In both cases, RIAS occurred eight years after radiotherapy, in the sub-cicatricial area in one patient and outside the irradiated area in the other one. They both underwent radical surgery and chemotherapy was performed in one patient.

DISCUSSION: The underlying mechanism for development of RIAS is not well known, but its incidence seems to be increasing. RIAS after partial breast irradiation is very rare and has been reported in two cases so far. As it may be suggested in case 2, it is still a matter of debate if the risk of radiation-induced sarcoma is radiation-dose dependent. Although mastectomy is considered as a standard treatment, choice of treatment should be made according to the patient’s specifications.

CONCLUSION: There are very few studies in the literature that report RIAS after APBI. Present study is the only one reporting two cases after the external 3D technique APBI. Prognosis of RIAS remains poor. Only a careful evaluation in a multidisciplinary context can offer to the patients the best result in terms of local control and survival

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