open access

Vol 5, No 3 (2000)
Original papers
Published online: 2000-11-01
Submitted: 2000-03-28
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A principal component analysis of patients, disease and treatment variables: a new prognostic tool in breast cancer after mastectomy

Buciński Adam, Załuski Jerzy, Krysiński Jerzy, Kaliszan Roman
DOI: 10.1016/S1507-1367(00)70365-8
·
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2000;5(3):83-89.

open access

Vol 5, No 3 (2000)
Original papers
Published online: 2000-11-01
Submitted: 2000-03-28

Abstract

Purpose

To demonstrate unique information potential of a powerful multivariate data processing method, principal component analysis (PCA), in detecting complex interrelationships between diverse patient, disease and treatment variables and in prognostication of therapy's outcome and response of patients after mastectomy.

Patients and Methods

One hundred-forty-two patients with breast cancer were retrospectively evaluated. The patients were selected from a group of 201 patients who had been treated and observed in the same oncology ward. The selection was based on availability of complete set of information describing each patient. The set consisted of 60 specific data. A matrix of 142 × 60 data points was subjected to PCA using a professional, statistical software (commercially available) and a personal computer.

Results

Two principal components, PC1 and PC2, were extracted. They accounted for 26% of total data variance. Projections of 60 variables and 142 patients were made on a plane determined by PC1 and PC2. A clear clustering of the variables and of the patients was observed. It was discussed in terms of similarity (dissimilarity) of the variables and the patients, respectively. A strikingly clear separation was demonstrated to exist between the group of patients living over 7 years after mastectomy and the group of deceased patients.

Conclusion

PCA offers a new promising alternative of statistical analysis of multivariable data on cancer patients. Using the PCA, potentially useful information on both the factors affecting treatment outcome and general prognosis, may be extracted from large data sets.

Abstract

Purpose

To demonstrate unique information potential of a powerful multivariate data processing method, principal component analysis (PCA), in detecting complex interrelationships between diverse patient, disease and treatment variables and in prognostication of therapy's outcome and response of patients after mastectomy.

Patients and Methods

One hundred-forty-two patients with breast cancer were retrospectively evaluated. The patients were selected from a group of 201 patients who had been treated and observed in the same oncology ward. The selection was based on availability of complete set of information describing each patient. The set consisted of 60 specific data. A matrix of 142 × 60 data points was subjected to PCA using a professional, statistical software (commercially available) and a personal computer.

Results

Two principal components, PC1 and PC2, were extracted. They accounted for 26% of total data variance. Projections of 60 variables and 142 patients were made on a plane determined by PC1 and PC2. A clear clustering of the variables and of the patients was observed. It was discussed in terms of similarity (dissimilarity) of the variables and the patients, respectively. A strikingly clear separation was demonstrated to exist between the group of patients living over 7 years after mastectomy and the group of deceased patients.

Conclusion

PCA offers a new promising alternative of statistical analysis of multivariable data on cancer patients. Using the PCA, potentially useful information on both the factors affecting treatment outcome and general prognosis, may be extracted from large data sets.

Get Citation

Keywords

principal component analysis (PCA); statistical analysis prognostic tool; breast cancer

About this article
Title

A principal component analysis of patients, disease and treatment variables: a new prognostic tool in breast cancer after mastectomy

Journal

Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy

Issue

Vol 5, No 3 (2000)

Pages

83-89

Published online

2000-11-01

DOI

10.1016/S1507-1367(00)70365-8

Bibliographic record

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2000;5(3):83-89.

Keywords

principal component analysis (PCA)
statistical analysis prognostic tool
breast cancer

Authors

Buciński Adam
Załuski Jerzy
Krysiński Jerzy
Kaliszan Roman

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