Vol 25, No 6 (2020)
Original research articles
Published online: 2020-11-01

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Characterization of knowledge-based volumetric modulated arc therapy plans created by three different institutions’ models for prostate cancer

Yoshihiro Ueda12, Hajime Monzen3, Jun-ichi Fukunaga4, Shingo Ohira1, Mikoto Tamura3, Osamu Suzuki2, Shoki Inui1, Masaru Isono1, Masayoshi Miyazaki1, Iori Sumida2, Kazuhiko Ogawa2, Teruki Teshima1
DOI: 10.1016/j.rpor.2020.08.011
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2020;25(6):1023-1028.



The aim of this study was to clarify factors predicting the performance of knowledge-based planning (KBP) models in volume modulated arc therapy for prostate cancer in terms of sparing the organ at risk (OAR).

Materials and methods

In three institutions, each KBP model was trained by more than 20 library plans (LP) per model. To validate the characterization of each KBP model, 45 validation plans (VP) were calculated by the KBP system. The ratios of overlap between the OAR volume and the planning target volume (PTV) to the whole organ volume (Voverlap/Vwhole) were analyzed for each LP and VP. Regression lines between dose–volume parameters (V90, V75, and V50) and Voverlap/Vwhole were evaluated. The mean OAR dose, V90, V75, and V50 of LP did not necessarily match those of VP.


In both the rectum and bladder, the dose–volume parameters for VP were strongly correlated with Voverlap/Vwhole at institutes A, B, and C (R > 0.74, 0.85, and 0.56, respectively). Except in the rectum at institute B, the slopes of the regression lines for LP corresponded to those for VP. For dose–volume parameters for the rectum, the ratios of slopes of the regression lines in VP to those in LP ranged 0.51–1.26. In the bladder, most ratios were less than 1.0 (mean: 0.77).


For each OAR, each model made distinct dosimetric characterizations in terms of Voverlap/Vwhole. The relationship between dose–volume parameters and Voverlap/Vwhole of OARs in LP predicts the KBP models’ performance sparing OARs.

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Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy